d’Hauterive, Billaud & Allied Families: BK 1, CH 3

CHAPTER 3

CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE DUBUCLET

SON OF JACQUES BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE AND MARIE JEANNE ST. LAURENT

Husband of Marie Mathilde Bienvenu

Brother of Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere and

Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive

CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE DUBUCLET was born about 1740 in France, the son of Jacques Bernard D’Hauterive and Marie Jeanne St. Laurent.  He was educated in France by the Duvernays.  Joseph Paris Duvernay was the French Financier, the National Collector of Internal Revenue of France – a wealthy and aristocratic concessionaire of Louisiana lands – and probably Jacques D’Hauterive’s employer.

From A History of the Bouligny Family, by Fontaine Martin: “Clair is probably one of the ‘Sieurs Hauterive’ who Louisiana Governor Kerlerec and Commissaire Ordonnateur D’Auberville reported had arrived in New Orleans on 1 April 1756 as Cadets and had been incorporated into the local troops.”

Clair Bernard Dubuclet D’Hauterive is shown in 1763-4 in Land Grants Along the Teche, by Gertrude C. Taylor, with a French Concession of land just above present-day St. Martinville, Louisiana.  On March 2, 1770 it was stated that the Concession was one and one-half leagues front on both sides of Bayou Teche and restricted to one and one-half leagues front on the west side of Bayou Teche by one-half league depth by Alexandro O’Reilly, the Spanish Governor of Louisiana.  Further down the Bayou Teche below present-day Franklin is another Spanish Patent, dated March 8, 1783, under the name of Governor Estevan Miro, of 837.27 acres allocated to Dauterive Dubuclet.  This land is across the Bayou

On March 23, 1773 in New Orleans, Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet married MARIE MATHILDE BIENVENU, the daughter of Pierre Antoine Bienvenu I and <2> Marie Marthe Devince.  Clair was about thirty-four years old; Marie Mathilde was about eighteen.  On their marriage contract Clair Dubuclet is described as a former officer of the Louisiana Battallion organized by Governor O’Reilly in 1769.  After their marriage Clair and Marie Mathilde moved to the Attakapas region of Louisiana (the present St. Martinville area).  Their home became known as the Dulcito Plantation in New Iberia.

In the Attakapas Domesday Book, by Glenn R. Conrad: “1811, May 29 – Certificate issued to Dubuclet, Claire D.  Claim founded on an order of survey….on Lake Flomas (Flammand or Spanish Lake), 270.03 sup. acres”, also “on Lake Peigneur, 1354.03 sup. acres”.

From They Tasted Bayou Waters, by Maurine Bergerie: “Dulcito, surrounded by oak, magnolia, and pecan trees, was the home built about 1788 by Dauterive Dubuclet on a Spanish land grant overlooking Spanish Lake.  It is a house raised on high pillars with a wide gallery on three sides.  The original walls were of adobe, and heavy cypress was used for the frame.  The enclosed staircase, as well as all parts of the house, was constructed without the use of nails.  The customary wooden pegs were used in putting together all parts of the house.  Some of the original hand blown panes are still in use in the home.  In recent years it has come into the possession of B.F. Trappey’s Sons, Incorporated, from the Pharr family, and many of the original characteristics of the home have been restored.”

From the “History of Acadiana” in the Lafayette Daily Advertiser, March 28, 2000: “Dulcito Plantation, 5819 Old Spanish Trail West (LA 182).  Dulcito Plantation was built about 1850 {1788}.  It is set back in a grove of live oak trees about a half mile from LA 182 near Spanish Lake.  It was listed by the National Register in July 1994….Dulcito is of special importance in the parish’s architectural patrimony.”

From “Dulcito Plantation” by Aubry and Trappey in the Attakapas Gazette: “Among the oaks and magnolias stands Dulcito, one of the few remaining symbols of colonial life in Louisiana.  The former homestead of early settlers of the Teche, the Dubuclets and the Darbys, Dulcito has left its mark across the pages of Louisiana history.

On January 13, 1783, Clair Dauterive Dubuclet received the original Spanish land grant covering a vast expanse of virgin forest from Parque Perdue on the south to the winding Teche on the north, and there he built his home on a high ridge overlooking Lake Tasse, now Spanish Lake. The archives of the St. Martin Parish courthouse have preserved the contract between Jacques Touchet and Dauterive Dubuclet for the building of a home (which cost 1200 dollars, half in milk cows, dated 6 September 1788, witnessed by Alexandre Chevalier DeClouet, Lieutenant Colonel, Civil and Military Commandant of the Post of Attakapas and signed Duterive Dubucle)….

During the Civil War Dulcito was spared any damage though the home was mustered into service as a temporary field hospital for Confederate soldiers.  Clair Dauterive Dubuclet died at Dulcito at the age of seventy-four and was buried on December 25, 1813.  The house passed down to his son, Joseph Dubuclet, and his wife, Celeste Darby Dubuclet.  In 1800 (??) the home and a portion of the land covered by the grant was purchased by James L. Burke….On October 26, 1882 the property was purchased by Elias A. Pharr and remained in the Pharr family for nearly seventy years….B.F. Trappey’s Sons, Inc. acquired the property in 1949 and undertook in 1954 the process of restoring the old weather-beaten home while preserving many of the original characteristics of the home of Dauterive Dubuclet.”

In the “Journal of James Leander Cathcart”, reprinted in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly: “Dauterive Dubuclet was an old resident of the Attakapas Country.  He is doubtless the ‘Dubuche’ (so spelled in the printed text) whom Governor Claiborne recommended to President Jefferson in 1804 as a suitable appointee as a member of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Orleans, and whom Claiborne described as a French planter of long and good standing in the country, said to be opulent, but who did not understand the English language.

In 1816 Dubuclet {this must be his son because Clair Dubuclet died in 1813}, Benoit de St. Clair and Francois Gonsoulin laid claim to ‘an island called Belle Isle which they claimed to have received as a grant from the Spanish government in 1784.  In their petition to the United States Government for confirmation of their title, it was stated that the island was surrounded by trembling prairie or marsh, only fit for raising hogs, which the petitioners propose to engage in for the purpose of supplying the city of New Orleans with the article of pork.”

Later in the Journal: “Dautrieuse Dubuclet, Benoit de St. Clair and Francois Gonsoulin, claim an Island called Belle Isle, in the Bay of Atchafalaya, which they represent to contain one league in front, with the ordinary depth of 40 arpents – to this grant they are confirmed by the act of the Order of Survey of Governor Miro, dated 2nd of May 1783, confirm’d by Act of Congress (in 1814) as an original grant.”  According to Land Records of Attakapas District, by Glenn R. Conrad, this grant contained 1500 acres.

In 1776 he signed as “Clair Dauterive Dubuclet” when he served as godfather to a son of his older brother, Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive, and Clair’s only descendant used the name of Dubuclet.

Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet died at Dulcito on Christmas Day in 1813 at the age of seventy-four and was buried in St. Martinville.  Marie Mathilde Bienvenu died and was buried in 1829 in St. Martinville at the age of seventy-five.

Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet and Marie Mathilde Bienvenu had one child:

1. JOSEPH ANTOINE DAUTERIVE DUBUCLET was born in 1782 and baptized in 1785 in New Orleans.

In 1809 Joseph Antoine Dubuclet married his neighbor, MARIE LOUISE CELESTE ST. MARC DARBY, who was born in 1785.  She was the daughter of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I and Francoise Pellerin (Chapter 3-B).  Joseph and Celeste Dubuclet had been the sponsors for her niece, Marie Celima St. Marc Darby, the daughter of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby II and Marie Aspasie de Blanc, at her baptism in 1808.

From Louisiana in War of 1812, by Powell A. Casey: Captain Dubuclet’s Volunteer Troop of Hussars of the Teche-Attakapas “represented the highest type of patriotism of the citizen soldier.  It is mentioned in Claiborne’s correspondence as early as October 1813.  The troop volunteered in September of 1814, reaching New Orleans on October 23.  The muster roll of March 15, 1814 shows a strength of forty-one men….Later the troop crossed to the west side of the river.  It helped General Morgan form a second defense line in that sector after the initial retreat on January 8….It is hard for present-day citizens and soldiers with allowances to visualize the plight of a volunteer in the early wars.  These troopers received eight dollars per month.  The total pay for service of five months and eighteen days was one hundred twelve dollars.  The trooper furnished his horse and fed it.

In February 1815, after the signing of the peace treaty was known, the troop requested that they be returned to their homes.  They stated that the raising of cotton was their only living.  They had lost the gathering of one crop when called into service and were about to lose the next….The troop was not mustered out of service until April 3, 1815.”  Two of the members of this troop were Jean Baptist St. Marc Darby II and Francois St. Marc Darby, Joseph Dubuclet’s brothers-in-law.

In The Fortier Family, by Estelle Cochran, there is a Jean Baptiste Dubuclet who was a witness at the 1825 marriage of Marie Francois Elizabeth Celina St. Marc Darby and Eugene Fortier II.  Celina was the daughter of Marie Celeste Darby Dubuclet’s brother, Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby II and Marie Aspasie de Blanc.

In 1829, following the death of his mother, Joseph Dubuclet inherited the family home, Dulcito.

From the “History of Acadiana”, in the Lafayette Daily Advertiser: “The originators and projectors (of St. Peter’s Church in New Iberia) were Frederick Duperier, Neuville Declouet, F. St. Darby, Dr. Leonard I. Smith, Joseph Dubuclet, also members of the DeBlanc and Oliver families….The old church was commenced in 1836 and finished in 1838.”

Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet died in 1838 at the age of sixty and was buried at St. Peter’s Church in New Iberia, according to Gone But Not Forgotten, by Glenn Conrad.

After Joseph Dubuclet died, his Succession (#876) was opened on December 13, 1838 in St. Martinville.  In one of the probate documents Marie Louise Celeste Dubuclet, the petitioner, states that “she is the widow of Joseph Dauterive Dubuclet, late of the Parish of St. Martin, deceased….that, so far as your petitioner has been able to ascertain until now, the said Joseph Dubuclet died intestate, as your petitioner has vainly searched among his papers for his testament, if he ever made any….Your petitioner further represents that her late husband had died without having any descendants, brothers or sisters, or descendants from them, or father or mother, or descendants in the paternal or maternal lines, so that his Succession is to pass to his nearest collateral relatives.  That among the collateral relatives of the said deceased, your petitioner believes there is one, to wit: Antoine Bienvenu, who resides in the parish of New Orleans, or in its neighborhood, who is the nearest relation in degree, and who, therefore, according to article 910 of the Civil Code, is to inherit the whole estate of the said deceased.  Your petitioner represents that there has existed between her and her said deceased husband, a community of goods and property and of acquests and gains, which she is willing to accept.  That, in order to ascertain the exact situation of the affairs of the said estate, preparatory to a definite settlement of the said community, and in order to put an end to the same, it will become necessary that an inventory and estimation of all the property and effects of the said community be made and proceeded upon by virtue of an order issued from your Honorable Court in due course of law, and that two appraisers be accordingly appointed.

Your petitioner further represents that, in the mean time, it is proper that some of the debts due by the said community, as also the current expenses, should be paid.  That, in order to provide for the said payments, and also for the purpose of disposing of the molasses now on hand, which is a finished article, and for which an advantageous price may now be obtained, your petitioner begs leave to suggest the propriety and even necessity of selling the said molasses, the proceeds whereof will be hereafter accounted for by your petitioner either on the inventory, or in making the settlement of the community.  Your petitioner wishes that your Honorable Court would authorize her accordingly….

Your petitioner further represents that the aforesaid community owes several debts so far as your petitioner knows, to the amount of about twenty thousand dollars, for the payment of which it will be necessary to provide….

And further she prays that the presumptive heirs of the deceased, living within thirty miles distance from your honor’s office, if any there be, be regularly notified to be present at the said inventory if they think proper.  And your petitioner prays for all such other and further relief as equity and justice may demand.”

Judge P. Briant, the Judge of the Court of Probate for the Parish of St. Martin, ordered that Marie Louise Celeste Dubuclet be “authorized to sell at private sale, and as advantageously as possible, the crop of molasses on hand.”  He also ordered that an inventory be taken on Wednesday, the 26th of December 1838 on the plantation of the deceased.  This was done.  The appraisers were Balthazar Neuvelle de Clouet and Adrien Dumartrait and the witnesses were Antoine Bernard Dauterive and Augustin Richard.  The debts totaled 2,667,050 piastres and the estate’s total appraised value, which included at least seventy-two slaves, was 11,368,880 piastres.

Asiatic cholera struck several plantations along the Teche in 1848.  One of these places was said to be the plantation of Mrs. Dubuclet.

Marie Celeste Darby Dubuclet may have been the widow who was living in New Orleans on the 1840 Census, was listed with nineteen slaves on the 1860 Census, and who died in New Orleans on May 24, 1874.  She signed important documents as Darby Dubuclet.

Some of the confusion regarding any child or children of our Joseph Antoine Dubuclet may be traced to another Antoine Dubuclet, a free man of color, who lived at approximately the same time.  I have found no reason to believe, or disbelieve, that he was a member of our Dubuclet family.

This Antoine, called Antoine Auguste Dubuclet II, was a free man of color who was born in 1774 in Bayou Goula, Iberville, Louisiana.  He was the son of Antoine Dubuclet I who had been  born there in 1748.  Antoine II married Rosalie Belly, a free woman of color, in 1802.

According to William D. Reeves in From Tally-Ho to Forest Home, Rosalie was the “daughter of Frenchman Pierre Belly, called in 1810 the wealthiest man along the Mississippi River whose estate was around the bend below White Castle.  That year he owned eighty-five slaves, many more than anyone else in Iberville….His consort was Rose Marie, a slave of Jamaica, who he freed along with his children….Belly died in 1814, and, as required by Louisiana law where there was no marriage, left half of his estate to his brother Jean and sister Marguerite in France.  One quarter went to Rose and the other quarter to his (6) daughters.  Rose died at the age of seventy in 1828.” Antoine Auguste Dubuclet II died in 1838 at the age of sixty-four.  In his Succession (#888 dated October 14, 1839 in St. Martinville) Rosalie is the Tutor of the three minor children: Augustine Dubuclet; George Belly Dubuclet; and Evelina Dubuclet.  The other seven children are of age to inherit in their own right.  The older children are: Felicite Dubuclet married to Francois Fortier; Rose Dubuclet married to Jean Baptiste Hubuere; Solidelle Dubuclet married to Louis Parau; Detronelle Rosalie Dubuclet; Antoine Solide Dubuclet; Uranie Dubuclet; Josephine Dubuclet; and Hortense Dubuclet.”

Antoine II owned a tract of land at Fausse Point in St. Martin Parish “on the left side of the Bayou Teche at a place called les Pacaniers de la Fausse Point, containing twelve arpents front by forty in depth bounded on one side by lands of Louviere and on the other side by land formerly of St. Clair Benoit.”  The Succession asks that the land be sold.  The Iberville Parish Probate Court requested that the Probate Court of St. Martinville sell Antoine’s Fausse Pointe land.

At a family meeting which had been called on August 19, 1839 in Iberville Parish to see to the rights of the minor children, the following were present:  Solide Antoine Dubuclet; Antoine Ricard; St. Luc Ricard, fils; Pierre Cyprian Ricard; and Octave Ricard, all free persons of color.  They agreed that the property in St. Martin should be sold.  It was appraised in St. Martinville at $2,600 by L. Gonsoulin and Camille Broussard.  It was sold at public auction for $4,000.00 to Aime Frilot on October 14, 1839.

A son of Antoine Auguste Dubuclet II and Rosie Belly, Antoine Solide Dubuclet, also a free man of color, was born about 1810/1813 in Iberville Parish, Louisiana.  Antoine Solide Dubuclet married <1> Claire Pollard in the mid-1830’s and <2> Mary Ann Walsh in the early 1860’s.  He had twelve children and was a leader in the Republican Party in Louisiana from 1862 to 1867.

From Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, by Glenn R. Conrad: “Dubuclet, Antoine, (Antoine Solide) planter, state treasurer.  Born a free man of color, Iberville Parish, LA, 1810; son of Antoine (Antoine Auguste) and Rosie Belly Dubuclet.  Married mid-1830’s, Claire Pollard (d. 1852); children: Auguste, Pierre Pollard, Francois Louis (b. 1837), Clara Sophie (b. 1839), Claire (b. 1841), Eugenia (b. 1842), Eugene (b. 1845), Marie Regina and George.  Married Mary Ann Walsh (d. 1866), early 1860’s.  Three children: Rosaline D., Josephine, and Jean Oscar.  Children were educated in France or by private tutors.  Became a sugar planter in Louisiana.  His estate in 1864, when combined with his wife’s, was valued at $94,700 and included over 100 slaves.  Politically he was the only black in the South to hold the office of state treasurer for more than one term during Reconstruction, serving from 1868 until 1878.  His honesty and scandal-free career was favorably observed by his political opponents.  Died, December 19, 1887; interred family tomb, Claiborne Street Cemetery, New Orleans.  Sources for family information include: Charles Vincent, “Aspects of the Family and Public Life of Antoine Dubuclet; Louisiana’s Black State Treasurer, 1868-1878”, in the Journal of Negro History, LXVIII (1981); Succession Papers, Probate Court, Iberville Parish Courthouse; Albert Grace in The Heart of the Sugar Bowl; and an obituary in the New Orleans Daily Picayune, December 21, 1887.”

From The Forgotten People, by Gary Mills: “In 1860 there were at least six negroes in Louisiana who owned 65 or more slaves.  The largest number, 152 slaves, were owned by the widow C. Richards and her son, P.C. Richards, who owned a large sugar cane plantation.  Another Negro slave magnate in Louisiana, with over 100 slaves, was Antoine Dubuclet, a sugar planter whose estate was valued (in 1860 dollars) at $264,000.  That year, the mean wealth of southern white men was $3,978.”

Also in Reconstruction 1863-1877, by Eric Foner: “Following the war family fortunes quickly dwindled.  But many former Negro slave magnates quickly took advantage of circumstances and benefited by virtue of their race.  For example, Antoine Dubuclet became Louisiana State Treasurer during Reconstruction, a post he held from 1868 to 1878.”

CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE (D’AUTERIVE) DUBUCLET

  b. @1739/40, FR

  d. 25 Dec 1813, SM, SWLAR, bu. SM Cem., SM

  m. 23 Mar 1773, NO, MCD dtd 23 Mar 1773 in files of J.B. Garic, NO Notary #4:99; Marie Mathilde Bienvenu, b. 5 Jun 1754 NO, d. 26 Sep 1829 SM, SWLAR, SUCC may be SM #1794 or #1994, bu. SM Cem., SM; d/o Antoine Bienvenu I & Marie Marthe Devince ( (Chapter 3-A)

   c. One child

1. Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet

     b. 1782, on tombstone & NO SAC

     bt. 29 Mar 1785, NO, NO SAC; s. Antonio ?? & ?? Vienvenue

     d. 9 Nov 1838, NI, SWLAR, bu. St. Peter’s Church, NI, SUCC dtd 13 Dec 1838 SM #876

     m. 1809; Marie Marthe Louise Celeste St. Marc Darby, b. 8 Jan 1785 SM, SWLAR, d. 9 Feb 1871, SWLAR, bu. 1871 St. Bernard Cem., BB, Will dtd 16 Jun 1845 SM in file dtd 12 Aug 1841 SM #933, her SUCC dtd 8 Apr 1871 NI #121; d/o Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I & Francoise Pellerin (Chapter 3-B)

     c. No children

ANTOINE DUBUCLET I – a Free Man of Color

     b. 1745, Bayou Goula, IBER

     c. One known child

1. Antoine Auguste Dubuclet – a Free Man of Color

     b. 1774/78, Bayou Goula, LA

     d. 1830/1839, NI, SWLAR, SUCC dtd 16 Jan 1830 SM #638 or 14 Oct 1839 SM #888

     m. 1802, Rosalie Belly, d. 30 Jul 1850, bu. St. Louis Cem. #2, NO; d/o Pierre Belly & “his consort, Rose Marie, a slave of Jamaica, who he freed along with his children”, From Tally-Ho to Forest Home, by William D. Reeves

     c. 10 children: Felicite m. Francois Fortier; Rose m. Jean Baptiste Hubuere; Solidelle m. Louis Parau; Detronelle Rosalie; Uranie; Josephine; Hortense; Augustine; George Belly; Evelina Dubuclet; &

A. Antoine Solide Auguste Dubuclet, LA State Treasurer

     b. 1810/1813, IBER

     d. 19 Dec 1887, IBER, bu. family tomb, Claiborne St. Cem., NO, OBIT in NO Daily Picayune

     m. <1> 1836, Point Coupee, LA; Claire Pollard, d. 1852; d/o Louis Pollard & Eugenia

Decuir

     c. 9 children: Auguste; Pierre Pollard; Francois Louis; Clara Sophie; Claire; Eugenia;

Eugene; Marie Regina; & George Dubuclet

     m. <2> Early 1860’s; Mary Ann Walsh, d. 1866

     c. 3 children: Rosaline D.; Josephine; & Jean Oscar Dubuclet

CHAPTER 3-A

MARIE MATHILDE BIENVENU

WIFE OF CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE DUBUCLET

Daughter of Pierre Antoine Bienvenu I and Marie Marthe Devince

MARIE MATHILDE BIENVENU, the daughter of Pierre Antoine Bienvenu I and his second wife, <2> Marie Marthe Devince, was born in 1754 in New Orleans.  When Mathilde was baptized there in 1755, her sponsors were Gregoire Volant, Captain Commandant of the Swiss Company, and Marie Bienvenu, spouse of Benoit, the Captain of a detached naval company.

Marie Mathilde Bienvenu was married in 1773 in New Orleans to CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE DUBUCLET and died in 1829 in St. Martinville.  She was a witness at the 1776 baptism of Clair’s nephew, Joseph Bernard Antoine Dauterive, the son of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

Marie Mathilde Bienvenu and Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet had one child: Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet.

PHILIPPE BIENVENU II, the paternal grandfather of Marie Mathilde Bienvenu Dubuclet, was born in 1671 in Orleans, France, and was baptized there in the Church of St. Paul.  He was the son of Philippe Bienvenu I and Esperance Petit, who were married about 1670 in Orleans.

Philippe II moved to Lorient, Brittany, France, at the age of twenty-five, where he became a master carpenter.

He was married in 1699 in Lorient to <1> FRANCOISE ALLAIRE of Ploemeur, France, who was the widow of Jean Bernard and the daughter of Mr. Allaire and Jeanne Raudas.  Philippe II, his wife, and his six children left their home in France on May 23, 1718 from the Port of Orient, France, on the schooner La Victorie and went to the Concession of M. Pierre de Melique in Kaskaskia in the Illinois Territory (near present-day St. Louis, Missouri).  Philippe worked as a carpenter and master joiner, building many houses, and in 1723 he built the headquarters building of the Company of the Indies, “the place of business and the counting house” of the Company, a two story building at Fort de Chartres.  This information is from The Village of Chartres in Colonial Illinois 1720-1765, ed. by Brown and Dean.

From Kaskaskia Under the French Regime, by Natalia Maree Belting: “One of the first contracts for the construction of a house which is to be found among the Kaskaskia manuscripts is that made May 13, 1723 between Boisbriant (Commandant at the Illinois) and Philippe Bienvenu, a carpenter of Kaskaskia, for the Commandant’s house at Fort de Chartres.”

<1> Francoise Allaire died before 1723 when Philippe Bienvenu married <2> MARIE FORET, the widow of Pierre Verrier.  Philippe was then fifty-two years old.  The six children of Philippe Bienvenu and <1> Francoise Allaire were:

1. PHILIPPE FRANCOIS BIENVENU was baptized in 1700 in Ploemeur, France, and died after four days.

2. MARIE FRANCOISE BIENVENU was baptized in 1701 in Lorient, France, and married Francois La Ferrier dit Bouillie in 1721 in Biloxi, Mississippi.

3. PIERRE ANTOINE BIENVENU I (below)

4. JEANNE BIENVENU I was born about 1704 in France.  She was married in 1723 in Kaskaskia to CHARLES GOSSIAUX, a master mason and I died before 1729.  Her husband was married in 1751 to <2> Marie Rose Gonneau.

5. ELIZABETH BAPTISTE BIENVENU I was born in France about 1705.  She was married in Kaskaskia in 1730 to FRANCOIS CORSET DIT COCO, a carpenter.

6. MARIE ANNE BIENVENU was born about 1706 in France and married <1> JACQUES DUPRES DIT TERREBONNE in 1722.  In about 1755 she married <2> Mr. Derborne.  In 1756 Marie Anne Derborne was a witness at the baptism of her niece, Marie Marthe Bienvenue.

PIERRE ANTOINE BIENVENU I, the son of Philippe Bienvenu II and <1> Francoise Allaire, and the father of Marie Mathilde Bienvenu Dubuclet, was born in Lorient, Brittany, France, and baptized there in 1703.  He came with his family to America at age fifteen and lived in Kaskaskia.  There, in 1726, he married his first wife <1> MARIE FRANCOISE RABUT, the widow of Pierre Durand and Pierre Melet.  Antoine received two land grants in Kaskaskia in 1737 and became a lawyer.

From Kaskaskia Under the French Regime, by Natalia Maree Belting: “On May 2, 1737, four arpents front from the hills to the Mississippi at Prairie du Rocher was granted to Antoine Bienvenu and a second grant of one arpent front there was made July 9, 1737.”

Antoine Bienvenu I and <1> Francoise Rabut had four children:

<1>A. JEANNE BIENVENU II was born about 1727 and was married in 1743 in Kaskaskia to JACQUES GABRIEL LA COURSE, the brother of Pierre La Course II (below).  Jeanne had died by 1749 when her husband married Charlotte Guillemot in Kaskaskia.

<1>B. ELIZABETH BIENVENU II was born about 1728 and was married in 1744 in Kaskaskia to <1> PIERRE LA COURSE II, the widower of Marie Louise Roy and the brother of Jacques Gabriel La Course (above).  Elizabeth was married again in 1755 to <2> Joseph Dubord.  Elizabeth Bienvenu was dead by 1762 when her second husband married Louise Carmouche.

<1>C. ANTOINE LAURENT BIENVENU was born about 1731 and died in 1805.  He was married in 1752 to <1> ELIZABETH DESVIGNETS.  Antoine’s second wife was <2> LOUISE DENIS.  They were married in 1766.

<1>D. MARIE LOUISE CELESTE BIENVENU, sometimes called Jeanne, was born about 1732 and was married in 1750 in Kaskaskia to <1> CAPTAIN JEAN BAPTISTE BENOIT DE ST. CLAIR I, a Chevalier of the Royal and Military Order of St. Louis.  He was Commandant of Fort Toulouse in Mobile from 1733 to 1734 and of Fort de Chartres in the Illinois from 1740 to 1742 and 1749 to 1750.  Jean Baptiste had come to Louisiana as an Ensign in 1717, became Lieutenant in 1732 and Captain in 1737.  In 1752 he was the oldest Captain in the colony and he died before December 1760.  Most of this information is from “The Family Bienvenu” by Willie Z. Bienvenu in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Vol. VIII; from Fort Toulouse, by Daniel H. Thomas; and from Kaskaskia Under the French Regime, by Natalia Maree Belting.

Marie Louise Celeste Bienvenu and <1> Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair I had at least three children:

<1>1) Jean Charles Francois Benoit de St. Clair was born about 1751.  He was married in 1792 in Opelousas to Marie Louise Caroline Marthe de Clouet, the daughter of General Alexandre Francois de Clouet and Anne Louise de Favrot and the sister of Hyacinthe and Charlotte de Clouet (below).  Gen. Alexandre de Clouet was Commandant for the King of the Posts of Attakapas and Opelousas.

<1>2) Clair Benoit de St. Clair I was born about 1752.  He was married in 1801 to Marie Charlotte Caroline de Clouet, the daughter of General Alexandre Francois de Clouet and Anne Louise de Favrot and sister of Caroline and Hyacinthe de Clouet (above and below).  When Clair and Charlotte were married, their witnesses included Francois Gonsoulin, Charles, Balthazar and Louise de Clouet, the widow Benoit (her siblings), Dominique Bouligny, Oliver de Vezin and Antoine Boutte.

Clair Benoit de St. Clair and Joseph Dubuclet bought Darby land from December 18, 1826 to about 1829 from Delahoussaye who bought it from the Darby estate in 1816.  Clair died in 1832.

<1>3) Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair II was born about 1754.  He was a “Lt. de Dragon de la Legion Royale de Milice du Mississippi”, according to First Families of Louisiana, by Glenn R. Conrad.  He came to the Poste des Attakapas in Louisiana and was married in 1793 to Marie Louise Hyacinthe de Clouet, the daughter of General Alexandre Francois de Clouet and Anne Louise de Favrot and the sister of Caroline and Charlotte de Clouet (above).   When Hyacinthe de Clouet was baptized in 1777, her godmother was Hyacinthe Degruy, the sister of Jean Baptiste Degruy who was the second husband of Elizabeth Montault D’Hauterive.

Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair II and Hyacinthe de Clouet lived about two-and-a-half miles below New Orleans on the family plantation that he leased from his mother.  The plantation contained buildings, machinery, animals and fourteen slaves.  Jean Baptiste died in Saint Martinville in 1796 and she died there in 1822.

Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair II and Hyacinthe de Clouet had three or five children, including:

a) Francois Benoit de St. Clair married his cousin, Marie Francoise Arthemise de Clouet, the daughter of Hyacinthe’s brother, Joseph Alexandre de Clouet II.  Francois and Arthemise had a daughter, Marie Louise Benoit de St. Clair, who married her cousin, Alexander Etienne de Clouet, the son of Arthemise’s brother, Etienne de Clouet, and the great-grandson of Alexandre Francois de Clouet and Anne Louise de Favrot.

The father of the three de Clouet girls was GENERAL ALEXANDRE FRANCOIS DE CLOUET.  From www.archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/laigs/2004-07/1090009585 on the Internet, I would like to quote Earl Gates: “De Clouet is believed to have been thirty-one years old when he first came to New Orleans in February 1758.  He was an officer of the detached troops of the Royal French army.

While the expression was probably not known in those days, he apparently had a ‘shot-gun to his back’, because he had compromised in a romantic affair with Beatrix de Choiseul, a sister to the Count de Stainville, who was French Minister under Louis XV.  A ‘lettre de cachet’ was issued in his name, but devoted friends took him from his home and brought him to Nantes, France.  From there he immediately embarked for Louisiana….(He was later Captain of Infantry and Commandant for the King of the Posts of Attakapas and Opelousas.)

His romance with Demoiselle Louise Favrot ended more favorably.  They were married in St. Louis chapel in New Orleans on May 11, 1761.  The bride was a native of the Parish of Orleans and the daughter of Claude Francois Favrot and Louise Elizabeth Brule.  Both parties were of notable families and witnesses to the nuptials reflected that.”  They included: Gille Augustin Payen de Noyan; Pelletier de la Houssaye; Chevalier McCarty; Chevalier Francois Belisle; Francois Chauvin Delery; Chevalier Charles d’L’Hommer and Francois du Tillet.

Alexandre de Clouet and Louise Favrot had twelve children: Alexandre Joseph; Joseph Marie; Charles-Philippe Auguste; Auguste Alexandre; Louis Jean Laurent; Auguste Pierre Lanois; Jean Balthazar Neuville; Auguste Albert Lanois; Marie Louise Hyacinthe; Pierre Auguste Lanois, Joseph Augustin Favrot; Charlotte Caroline; and Marie Caroline Marthe de Clouet.

One of Alexandre’s granddaughters, Josephine Charlotte de Clouet, married Francois Christophe del Homme, the great-grandson of Francoise Laurence Le Blanc.

When Alexandre de Clouet died in 1789, his Inventory, which was recorded in the St. Martin Parish Courthouse, was witnessed by Armand Ducrest, Jean Berard, Martin Duralde, Francois Cesar Boutte, Louis Grevenberg and de la Villebeuvre.  Chevalier Alexandre de Clouet was buried in New Orleans.

Marie Louise Celeste Bienvenu’s first husband, <1> Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair I, died before 1760 in the Attakapas District.  In 1761 in New Orleans, she was married to <2> PIERRE RENE HARPAIN DE LA GAUTRAIS II, the widower of Therese Celeste Nepveu, who was the daughter of Jacques Nepveu and Michelle Chauvin (Chapter 5-C).  According to the Sacramental Records of New Orleans, their wedding witnesses were: “Bienvenu, the bride’s father; Volant, Captain Commandant of the Swiss; Marquis, Swiss Officer; Delabarre, Militia Captain; Le Gautray, fils; and Devin Bienvenu”.

Pierre Rene de la Gautrais II, born in 1713, was the son of Pierre Francois Rene Harpain de la Gautrais I and Marie Charlotte de Bellair and a native of Brest in Brittany, France.  Charlotte was the sister of Ignace Hubert de Bellair I who married Barbe Chauvin, the sister of Michelle Chauvin (above and Chapter 5-C).

In Louisiana Troops, 1720-1770, by Winston De Ville, Rene is listed as “Harpin de la Gautraye, Cadet at Rochfort; Ensign in Louisiana; Lieutenant, 1 October 1740; Captain, 1 February 1754; Chevalier de St. Louis, 30 June 1775”.  In 1766 he was listed as a retired Captain on half-pay on the roster of the militia of New Orleans.

From A History of the Bouligny Family, by Fontaine Martin: “In 1739 he was assigned to Louisiana as an ensign in the detached marine forces.  La Gautrais had received his earlier marine training as a cadet at the French port of Rochefort.  In Louisiana he rose to the rank of captain and the honor of Chevalier of St. Louis.  His first station was at the Illinois Post, where he married Celeste Therese Nepveu, the twice-widowed relict of two of his fellow officers, Dutisne and Girardeau, and acquired stepchildren from each of his wife’s previous marriages.  In 1746 having been transferred to New Orleans, he was authorized by the Superior Council to sell his wife’s lands and cattle in Illinois and invest the proceeds in New Orleans property….His second wife was Marie Louise Bienvenu….La Gautrais and Marie Louise’s father, Pierre Antoine Bienvenu, then owned adjoining plantations, on the east bank of the Mississippi below the city of New Orleans….By 1758 (?) La Gautrais was stationed in Mobile, where he had married his third wife, (Louise) Marguerite Belzaguy, widow of Francois Cesaire Bernoudy….

There is evidence suggesting that young Pierre Harpin de la Gautrais returned to what was then Spanish Louisiana and settled in the Teche country, near New Iberia.”  In 1776 Rene de la Gautrais died in the Hotel Dieu Hospital in Angers, France.

Marie Louise Celeste Bienvenu and Rene Harpain de la Gautrais had three known children:

<2>4) Marie Louise Celeste Harpain de la Gautrais was born in New Orleans in 1761.  When she married Jean Francois Gonsoulin of Marsailles, France, in 1779 their wedding witnesses were: “Francisco Bouligny, Captain of the stationary regiment of this city; Clair D’Auterive Dubucles; and Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair”.

According to the “Journal of Joseph Leander Cathcart” in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Francois Gonsoulin had come to Louisiana as a young man.  The French government had assigned him to be the official surveyor of the Attakapas District and his name is found on many land records of this period.  He also acquired land in the Attakapas and in 1816, along with Dauterive Dubuclet and Benoit de St. Clair, he laid claim to an island called Belle Isle which was later confirmed by an Act of Congress as an original grant.

Marie Louise Celeste and Francois Gonsoulin lived at Fausse Point in St. Martinville and had thirteen children.  Later they became the grandparents of Celina Gonsoulin, the wife of Valliere Dauterive II, who was the great-grandson of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

When Francois Gonsoulin died at the age of seventy-two in 1819 he left behind two minor children who were required to choose a “Curator ad Bona” to look after their interests in their father’s Succession.  Young Ursin Gonsoulin selected Clair Benoit de St. Clair and Francois Valcourt Gonsoulin selected Joseph Dubuclet.  This information was found in the records of St. Mary Parish which are kept by the Clerk of the Court.  Celeste Harpain de la Gautrais died in Saint Martinville in 1830 at the age of sixty-nine.  For more information on this family, see Chapter 8-A.

<2>5) Noel de la Gautrais was born in 1763

<2>6) Louis de la Gautrais was born in 1764.

NOTE: Celeste, Pierre and Modeste de la Gautrais were mentioned twice as the only heirs of Rene

and Marie Louise Celeste Bienvenu in Land Records of the Attakapas District, Vol. II, by Glenn R. Conrad.  I could not find any other records for Pierre and Modeste in any of my sources.

Following the death in Kaskaskia of his first wife, <1> Francoise Rabut, Antoine Bienvenu I “moved to lower Louisiana, south of New Orleans and became one of the largest landowners in St. Bernard”, according to the St. Martin Parish History, by Betty Pourciau.

From Charles Gayarre’s History of Louisiana – “Spanish Domination, Courier de la Louisiane” in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly: In about 1739 Antoine Bienvenu I “moved to lower Louisiana and settled near New Orleans.  He was a wealthy landowner, had the largest plantation in St. Bernard.  He had been a Major of the militia in Kaskaskia and became a Captain in the Coast Guard.  He was a prominent and highly respected man.  In matters requiring wise and judicial advice he was often sought.  Because of his unimpeachable character and sound wisdom, being trained in the law, during the Spanish Occupancy he was invited to serve on the Cabildo, the governing body, and sat at the first session of the Cabildo in December, 1769, when there was a revision of government laws and commercial regulations.  He held the title of Regidor Perpetus and Receiver of Fines.”

PIERRE ANTOINE BIENVENU I was married a second time in 1753 to <2> MARIE MARTHE DEVINCE (DEVINS), the daughter of Alexandre Valentin Devince and Marie Marthe Chauvin and the granddaughter of Jacques Chauvin and Marie de la Vergne.  Jacques Chauvin was the brother of Michelle and Barbe Chauvin (above).  Antoine Bienvenu I was fifty-one and <2> Marie Marthe Devince was seventeen when they married.  She was born in 1736 in Mobile.

Marie Marthe’s father, Alexandre Devince, was the engineer who built the original Fort Conde at the colony of Mobile.  “He seems to have continued to work on the fortifications at Mobile until his death which must have occurred not later than the autumn of 1735 since it is mentioned in a letter from Maurepas to Bienville and Salmon of December 27, 1735.” – from Mississippi Provincial Archives 1701-1729, by Rowland and Sanders.  He died before his daughter, Marie Marthe Devince, was born in 1736.

After Alexandre Valentin Devince died, his widow, Marie Marthe Chauvin, was married in 1736 to <2> Jean Gregoire Volant, the Lieutenant Commander of the Karrer Swiss Troops at Mobile, and the son of Jean Volant and Marie Ursule de Karer de Landser.  When Gregoire Volant died, Antoine Bienvenu I claimed and received 22,500 livres from the estate of his step-father-in-law.

Antoine Bienvenu I built his house called Kenilworth in 1759 on the Mississippi River 18 miles south of New Orleans on the St. Bernard Highway.

The Louisiana Census of 1763 shows Antoine Bienvenu I owning 350 arpents of arable land, 1000 arpents of wooded land and 91 slaves.  The 1770 Census below the city of New Orleans, left shore, shows the following for Antoine Bienvenu I and his wife, Marie Marthe Devince: 22 arpents of land along the river, 130 slaves, 100 cattle, 26 horses, 180 sheep, 40 hogs and one rifle.

Antoine Bienvenu I died in 1771 in New Orleans at the age of sixty-eight.  His Will, dated November 13, 1771, is five pages long covering his Catholic beliefs and a “request to be buried inside the parish church of this City.”  He lists the children of his two marriages as his heirs, along with his wife, Maria Martha Devins, and writes: “After the partition and division be made of the community property acquired during our marriage, (I am) giving my wife one half of the estate, and the other half to my heirs”, and “In consideration of the good deeds and for the great care that my wife has given me in my sickness, in order to reward her for her deeds and the loving years that she devoted to take care of me, I order and reserve for her the ownership of the following negro slaves: {and he lists 16 slaves}, declaring that all of the above named negroes should belong to her, and grants them to her, in order that she may enjoy them and dispose of them according to her will, being this an independent action from her aforementioned community property rights; and I prohibit heirs to oppose in any manner this my intention.”  His wife, Maria Martha Devins, is appointed Executrix and Administrator of his estate—the first woman Executrix that I have seen in all of my research into this period of history.

Marie Marthe Devince Bienvenu’s Will was dated August 24, 1802.  She died later in 1802 and is buried in the nave (second section) of the Chapel of the Most Holy Virgin in the St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans.

Antoine Bienvenu I and <2> Marie Marthe Devince had at least five children, but only four of these children are named in the Wills of these parents:

<2>E. MARIE MATHILDE BIENVENU was the wife of CLAIR BERNARD D’HAUTERIVE DUBUCLET (Chapter 3).

<2>F. MARIE MARTHE BIENVENU was born and baptized in New Orleans in 1756.  Her baptismal sponsors were Valentin Devince, officer of the troops, and Anne Marie Bienvenu Derborne, the infant’s aunt.  Marie Marthe was not mentioned in her father’s Will, so we can assume that she died before 1771 leaving no issue.

<2>G. MARIE MARTHE VICTORIE BIENVENU was born and baptized in New Orleans in 1759.  Her baptismal sponsors were Francois Pascalis de La Barre I, former cavalry Captain, and Marie Constance Volant, the spouse of Marquis, former Commandant of the Swiss.

In about 1776 Marie Victorie Bienvenu married FRANCOIS CHAUVIN DELERY DESILLET I, the son of Antoine Chauvin Delery Desillets, a military Captain and the Guard of the Coast of Tchopitoulas, and Charlotte Fauchon du Manoir.  Francois was the grandson of Joseph Chauvin Delery I and <1> Hypolite Mercier.  Joseph Chauvin Delery later married <2> Francoise Laurence Le Blanc.

From Early Settlers on the Delta, by Shirley Chaisson Bourquard: “Francois Chauvin Delery, Sr. resided on the plantation of his mother-in-law, Marthe Chauvin De Vince, widow of Antoine Bienvenu, during the 1790’s.  On September 10, 1804 he purchased eight arpents of the original twenty-two arpent plantation which had belonged to Antoine Bienvenu, Sr.  The Bienvenu Plantation encompassed approximately eighty percent of what is now Arabi, Louisiana.  In 1819 Francois Chauvin Delery Desilets, Jr., with his wife Marie Couton Desilets, acquired three arpents of his father’s plantation in Arabi.  For many years he resided on a large sugar plantation, now called Mary Plantation.”

It appears that Victorie Bienvenu and Francois Chauvin Delery Desillet I had thirteen children: Marie Marthe Francoise; Alexandre; Marie Pouponne; Elmire; Antonio; Marie Victoria; Marguerite Florence; Jeanne Melanie; Louise Celeste; Jacques Chauvin Delery Desillet; and:

1) Marie Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet was born in 1780.  In 1803 she married Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre, the widower of Rosina’s cousin, Louise Desillet Huchet de Kernion, and the son of Francois Pascalis de la Barre I and Charlotte Volant.  Pierre was the brother of Jean Baptiste Volant de la Barre (below) and the grandson of Jean Gregoire Volant and Marie Marthe Chauvin.

From Louisiana Marriages, by Alice Daly Forsyth, their marriage witnesses were: “Don Francisco Siben, Don Antonio and Don Alexandro Bienvenu, Dona Hanrieta Latil, Dona Judith Chauvin Desillest and Don Francisco Chauvin Delery Desillest, aunt and father of the contracting.”

From Marriage Dispensations, by Shirley Chaisson Bourquard, dated May 24, 1803: “Dispensation requested by Pedro de La Barre, single and 25, to marry Rosina Chauvin Delery Desislets, to whom he is related in the third grade. They are both of New Orleans.  He is the son of Francisco Pascalis de La Barre, councilman of this city and Carlota Volant.  Rosina is the daughter of Francisco Chauvin Desislets Delery and Maria Marthe Bienvenu.  La Barre’s mother is the daughter of Gregorio Volant and Maria Devins.  Rosina’s mother is the daughter of Antonio Bienvenu and Maria Martha Devins.  Maria Devins and Maria Martha Devins are the daughters of Francisco Chauvin Devins and Martha Chauvin.  His fiancee is poor; they are from a distinguished family.  Witnesses: Josef Deville Degoutin, 25, retired Captain, and Maglorio Guichard, 25.  Granted.  Narcisco Broutin, Notary.” (Author’s Note: There seems to have been some confusion regarding the bride and groom’s genealogy.  Marie Marthe Chauvin married <1> Alexandre Devince.  Their daughter, Marie Marthe Devince married Antoine Bienvenu I and their daughter, Marie Marthe Victoria Bienvenu was the mother of Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet.  Marie Marthe Chauvin married <2> Jean Gregoire Volant.  Their daughter, Charlotte Volant was the mother of Pierre Volant de la Barre.)

2) Charlotte Philomene Chauvin Delery Desillet was born in 1782 and married in 1813 to Jean Baptiste Volant de la Barre, the son of Francois Pascalis de la Barre I and Charlotte Volant.  Jean Baptiste was the grandson of Jean Gregoire Volant and Marie Marthe Chauvin, and the brother of Pierre Volant de la Barre (above).

3) Francois Chauvin Delery Desillet II was born in 1785 and in 1807 he married his cousin, <1> Marie Marguerite Couton Chauvin Delery Desillet, daughter of Jean Baptiste Chauvin Delery Desillet and his second wife, Charlotte Minette del Homme, who was the daughter of Charles Joseph del Homme and Laurence Chauvin Delery and the granddaughter of Francoise Laurence Le Blanc.  Witnesses were: “Francois Deselets Delery, groom’s father and bride’s paternal uncle and guardian; Antoine Bienvenu, bride’s maternal uncle; Pierre Perron; Pierre Volant de la Barre; Pierre Misotiere; and Silvain Perron”, from Sacramental Records of New Orleans.

Following the death of Marguerite, Francois married his wife’s sister, <2> Marie Jeanne Couton Chauvin Delery Desillet.

From Early Settlers on the Delta, by Shirley Chaisson Bourquard: “In 1819 Francois Chauvin Delery Desilets, Jr., with his wife Marie Couton Desilets, acquired three arpents of his father’s plantation in Arabi.  For many years he resided on a large sugar plantation, now called Mary Plantation.”

<2>H. PIERRE ANTOINE BIENVENU II was born in 1761 and his baptismal sponsors were Pierre Rene de la Gautrais, Chevalier of the Royal and Military Order of St. Louis, and Marie Louise du Tisne Grondel.

Antoine II married Marie Charlotte Pascalis Volant de la Barre in New Orleans in 1784.  According to the Sacramental Records of New Orleans, the witnesses at their marriage were: “Francisco Maria de Reggio; Charlotte Volant, the bride’s mother; De Ville de Goutin; Devince; Delery Desille and Dauterive Dubucles.”

Charlotte was the daughter of Francois Pascalis de la Barre I of Paris and Charlotte Volant of Mobile, and the granddaughter of Jean Gregoire Volant and Marie Marthe Chauvin.  Antoine Bienvenu II and Charlotte Volant de la Barre shared the same grandmother, Marie Marthe Chauvin, but different grandfathers.

Antoine II owned Bienvenu Plantation (also called Kenilworth Plantation), built by his father in 1759, which was next to Chalmette Plantation in St. Bernard Parish at the time of the Battle of New Orleans (December 1814-January 1815).  This information is from They Lived at Chalmette, by Isabel French.

From Old Louisiana Plantation Homes, by Herman Seebold, Vol. 1: “The father of Melincourt Bienvenue (Antonio Bienvenue, owner of the Bienvenue Plantation) was the largest land owner in this area as the family was a wealthy one.”

He may be the Antoine Bienvenu who inherited the estate of his nephew, Joseph Dubuclet, as the nearest living relative, according to papers in the Succession of Joseph Antoine Dubuclet dated December 13, 1838.

Pierre Antoine Bienvenu II died at his home in St. Bernard Parish in 1841 at the age of eighty.  His wife, Charlotte Volant de la Barre, had died in New Orleans in 1825 at the age of sixty.  They were both buried in the St. Louis Cathedral Cemetery in New Orleans.  They had eleven children – six boys and five girls:

1) Antoine Bienvenu III was born in 1786 and baptized in 1790.  His baptismal sponsors were listed as: Francisco Pascalis de la Barre, knight, gentleman, regidor, aquacil mayor, and Maria Martha de Vince Bienvenu.

Antoine Bienvenu III married Marie Felicite de Morand dit Aspasie, the daughter of Charles de Morand II and Jean Catherine Amelot and the sister of Josephine de Morand (below).  Aspasie was a niece of Felicite de Morand who married Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere.

2) Francois Melincourt Bienvenu was born about 1788.  He was the next owner of Kenilworth Plantation which had been built about 1759 on one of the plantations granted by the French and Spanish to Antoine Bienvenu I.  It was situated on Courthouse Road leading out of the St. Bernard Highway at Poydras, eighteen miles below New Orleans and nine miles from Lake Borgne.  Kenilworth was featured in the novel Madame Castel’s Lodger, by Frances Parkinson Keyes, a famous New Orleans author.

“The old plantation home was destroyed at the time of the Battle of New Orleans.  Later the home was rebuilt on simpler lines….Melincourt Bienvenu owned Kenilworth Plantation (previously called Bienvenu Plantation) which he had acquired shortly after the beginning of the 19th century and enlarged it for his wife and family….

In about 1820 Francois Melincourt Bienvenu married Josephine Guichard, the daughter of Maligore Guichard and Constance de Morand and a grandniece of Felicite de Morand who married Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere.

Maligore Guichard had a plantation in St. Bernard Parish near Antoine Bienvenu’s.  “He was Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Louisiana Legislature from 1812 to 1815, opposed General Andrew Jackson and was suspected of English sympathies.”  Most of the information regarding Francois Melincourt’s family is from Old Louisiana Plantation Homes, by Herman Seebold.

3) Francois Jean Vileor Bienvenu was born in 1789.  His baptismal sponsors were Francisco Pascalis Labarre and Maria Bienvenu.  He married Marie Doralise Dufouchard Degruy, the grandniece of Jean Baptiste Degruy, the second husband of Elizabeth Montault de Monberaut.

Francois Jean Vileor served as a Lieutenant under Andrew Jackson during the Battle of New Orleans and died in 1851.

4) Marie Marthe Bienvenu was born in 1790.  Her baptismal sponsors were Alexandro Bienvenu and Maria Martha de la Barre.  In 1812 she married Edward Louis Guerin.

5) Charles Fierville Bienvenu was born in 1792.  His baptismal sponsors were Francisco Chauvin Desilet and Maria Bienvenu.  Charles served as a Private under Andrew Jackson during the Battle of New Orleans.  He married Emilie Landier, the daughter of Juan M. Landier who was the first husband of Constance de Morand who married Maligore Guichard (above) as her second husband.   

Charles Fierville and Emilie had four children.  One of them, Charles Bienvenu, was the former head of the United States Mint.  The information regarding this family is from Old Families of Louisiana, by Stanley C. Arthur.

6) Louis Marcelle Bienvenu was born in 1794 and his baptismal sponsors were Antonio Bienvenu, the infant’s brother, and Luisa Kernion, absent (proxy was Maria Grondel, the widow Latil).  He served as a Private under Andrew Jackson during the Battle of New Orleans.

Louis Marcelle Bienvenu married Marie Adelaide Josephine de Morand, the widow of Edmund Forstall and the daughter of Charles de Morand II and Jean Catherine Amelot.  She was a sister of Aspasie de Morand (above) and a niece of Felicite de Morand who married Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere.

7) Charles Neuville Bienvenu married Estelle Dupres in 1831 and died in 1887.

8) Charlotte Adele Bienvenu was born in 1797 and married Louis Hardy de Boisblanc, the son of Charles Joseph Francois Hardy de Boisblanc and Marie Nicolas Clemence Chauvin de Beaulieu.  Clemence was the granddaughter of Louis Chauvin de Beaulieu and Charlotte Orbanne Duval, the stepdaughter of Renaud D’Hauterive.

Charlotte and Louis lived at Chalmette in St. Bernard Parish and in St. Charles Parish.  Charlotte died in 1829 and is buried at the Little Red Church Cemetery in St. Charles Parish.

9) Louisa Aimee Bienvenu was born in 1800 and married Edouard Guerin.

10) Marie Martina Bienvenu was born in 1802 and died at the age of fifteen.

11) Charlotte Delphine Bienvenu married Delphin Villere, the son of General Jacques Philippe Villere, the second Governor of Louisiana, and Jeanne Henriette de Fazende.  Charlotte was not listed in her mother’s Succession.

<2>I. Alexandre Devince Bienvenu I was born in 1763 and baptized in New Orleans in 1769.  His baptismal sponsors were Alexandre O’Reilly, Lieutenant General of the Royal Armies, Commander of the Order of Alcantara, Royal Inspector General of the troops and Governor of this province, absent (proxy was Louis de las Casas, Major of this city) and Marie Bienvenu.

Alexandre married Felicite Louise Henriette de Grondel de Timecourt Latil in 1783 in the St. Louis Cathedral in New Orleans.  According to the Sacramental Records of New Orleans, the witnesses at their wedding were: “Alexandro Latil, Jeanne Grondel Latil, F. Delery, Antoine Bienvenu, Louis Daquemeny de Morand, Thomas de Acosta (husband of Margarita Grondel) and Rafael Perdomo”.

Henriette de Latil was the daughter of Alexandre Antoine de Latil and Jeanne de Goujon de Grondel and the sister of Pauline Latil who was the wife of Bernard Antoine Dauterive, the son of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

From “The Family Bienvenu”, by Willie Z. Bienvenu in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly: “All of the Bienvenus of southwest Louisiana, and wherever they might have spread, can trace our parentage to one man, Alexandre Devince Bienvenu and his wife Felicite Louise Henriette de Grondel Latil who came from New Orleans and settled on a plantation near Cypress Island, north of Saint Martinville.  They were the parents of nine children, eight of whom survived to maturity and had families.”

From St, Martin Parish History, by Betty Pourciau: “Alexandre Bienvenu brought his family to the Teche in the 1790’s.  Like his father, he was very wealthy, owned 2400 arpents of the finest lands in the Attakapas, north of St. Martinville, stretching from Cypress Island to Bayou Teche and across to the present Catahoula Road, a plantation named Beau Bassin.  He had forty slaves to take care of his large holdings.  Also, on the 1810 tax-list of landowners and slaveowners, widow Devince {Alexandre’s mother} owned property with fifty-one arpents frontage on the Bayou and fourteen slaves.”

Alexandre Devince Bienvenu I signed a Will on June 10, 1805 and died six days later in St. Martin Parish at the age of forty-two.  Henriette Latil was born in New Orleans in 1762 and died in St. Martinville in 1833 at the age of seventy-one.

Alexandre Bienvenu I and Henriette de Latil had eleven children and nine were listed in his Will:

1) Alexandre Devince Bienvenu II was born in 1784 and his baptismal sponsors were Lazaro Latil and Marie Devince Bienvenu.  In 1803 Alexandre married Marie Charlotte Euranie Pascalis de la Barre, the daughter of Francois Pascalis Volant de la Barre II and Charlotte Dutillet, and the great-granddaughter of Gregoire Volant and Marie Marthe Chauvin (above).

From Louisiana Marriages, by Alice Daly Forsyth, their wedding witnesses were: “Don Miguel de Rueda, Don Lazaro Latil, Don Alexandro Bienvenu, Dona Hanrrieta Latil, Don Francisco Pascalis de la Barre and Dona Juana Grondel, grandmother and parents of the contracting.”

The bride and groom were granted a Marital Dispensation on June 2, 1803 because of their common ancestor.  From Marriage Dispensations, by Shirley Bourquard: “Alexandre Bienvenu, 19, requests dispensation to marry Carlota Eurania de la Barre.  He is the son of Alexandro Bienvenu and Henriqueta Latil.  Carlota is the daughter of Francisco de la Barre and Carlota Dutillet.  His father is the son of Antonio Bienvenu and Maria Devins.  Her father is the son of Francisco Pascalis de la Barre, councilman and Carlota Volant.  Maria Devins is the daughter of Alexandro Devins and Carlota Chauvin.  Carlota Volant is the daughter of Gregorio Volant and Carlota Chauvin.  Their family is related to the greater part of the city.”  Magloire Guichard was a witness to this Dispensation.

From the Internet (www.genforum.genealogy.com): “Alexandre Devince Bienvenu II was buried in 1855 in St. Louis Cemetery #1 New Orleans.  He was thirty-one years old when the Battle of New Orleans was fought.  He served as a private in Captain L.J.L. Wiltz’s Infantry Company, 4th Regiment, Louisiana Militia, under Colonel G.W. Morgan.  He was an enlisted man in the armed forces of the United States from December 1814 to March 1815, serving in St. Bernard Parish and on the battlefield at Chalmette, adjoining the Bienvenu family plantation.  A bronze memorial marks his burial place in New Orleans.  He and his wife were the parents of eight children.“

Alexandre Bienvenu II died in 1855 in Jefferson Parish and was buried in the St. Louis Cemetery #I in New Orleans.  Charlotte Euranie Pascalis de la Barre Bienvenu died in 1863 in New Orleans.

2) Marie Jeanne Aspasie Devince Bienvenu was born in 1785, married Pierre Oliver Louis du Chousel de Vezin in 1802, and died in 1810.  Pierre was the son of Hughes Charles Honore Oliver de Vezin and Marie Magdeleine de Mandeville and the brother of Nicholas Joseph Godfroi Oliver de Vezin who married as his second wife, Marianne Bienvenu, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Bienvenu (below).

From Louisiana Marriages, by Alice Daly Forsyth, Aspasie and Pierre Oliver’s wedding witnesses were: “Don Francisco Dupart, Don Pedro Oliver, Don Miguel de Rueda and Don Lazaro Latil.”  Marie Jeanne Aspasie had five children and died in 1810.  In 1812 Pierre married Marie Josephe Latoilais.

From “Death of a Myth”, by Carl A. Brasseaux and Gertrude C. Taylor in the Attakapas Gazette: “Once part of the hunting grounds of the Attakapas Indians, this site (the Longfellow-Evangeline State Commemorative Site) became part of a royal French land grant (to Jean Antoine Bernard Dauterive); first used as a vacherie, or cattle ranch.  The first Acadians to settle in Louisiana established themselves here, on the Banks of Bayous Teche and Tortue, on the edges of this vacherie.

When the grant was sold and subdivided, this section was developed as an indigo plantation.  In the early 1800’s, Pierre Oliver Duclozel de Vezin, a wealthy Creole, acquired this property to raise cotton, cattle, and eventually, sugarcane.  He built the Maison Oliver, the circa 1815 plantation house which is the central feature of Longfellow-Evangeline State Historical Site.  His son, Charles, made improvements to the home in the 1840’s”.

3) Thomas Raphael Timecourt Devince Bienvenu was born in 1787 and his baptismal witnesses were Thomas de Acosta, Captain in the Stationary Regiment, and Maria Bienvenu Dubuclet.  Raphael married Elise Louise Veillon in 1807 and died in 1833 in St. Martinville.

From the Internet (www.genforum.genealogy.com): “At the Battle of New Orleans, War of 1812, Timecourt served as a private in Captain Joseph Dubuclet’s Volunteer Troop of Teche-Attakapas Hussars (Cavalry).  The 1810 Tax List of Landowners and Slaveowners of the Attakapas states that they owned property having several arpents frontage on the Bayou and six slaves.  He and Elise Veillon had eight children.”

4) Marie Devince Bienvenu was born in 1789 and her baptismal witnesses were Antonio Bienvenu and Marie Leonor Latil.  Marie Devince Bienvenu died in 1790.

5) Charles Timoleon Devince Bienvenu was born in 1791.  His baptismal sponsors were Carlos Jumonville de Viller (proxy was Antonio Morales, Treasurer of Customs) and Maria Martha Bienvenu (proxy was Clara Eugenia Latil).

Charles married Marie Pepite Josephine Gonsoulin, the daughter of Francois Gonsoulin and Celeste de la Gautrais (above) and the granddaughter of Rene Harpain de la Gautrais II and Celeste Bienvenu (above).  Josephine’s niece, Celina Gonsoulin, married Valliere Dauterive II

One of the five children of Charles and Josephine was Euphemie Amynthe Bienvenu who married Bertrand Dauterive Toffier, the grandson of Bernard Antoine Dauterive and Pauline Latil.

Charles Timoleon Bienvenu died in Saint Martinville in 1830 and his wife, Josephine, married J.B. Bonin in 1835.  She died in 1880.

6) Pierre Terville Devince Bienvenu was born in 1793 and his baptismal sponsors were Pedro Sause and Eugenia Latil.  In 1816 Pierre Terville married Genevieve Sophie Guicho de Kerlegand and died in 1840.

7) Joseph Terence Devince Bienvenu was born in 1795, married Marie Julie Guilbeau in 1817 and died in 1843.

8) Francois Theodule Devince Bienvenu was born in 1797, married Marie Celeste Genevieve Fontenette in 1816, and died in 1867.  Marie Celeste’s parents, Jacque Fontenette and Charlotte Celeste Pellerin, owned property in St. Martinville on part of the original land grant to Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

In their marriage contract, dated January 18, 1816, Francois Theodule brought to the marriage a tract of land in St. Martin Parish at Cypress Island which “came to him as a donation from Dauterive DuBuclet and Marie Bienvenu, his uncle and aunt,” according to Land Records of the Attakapas District, by Glenn R. Conrad.

9) Carlotta Alix Devince Bienvenu was born in 1799.  Her baptismal sponsors were Miguel Gonzales de Rueda and Charlotte Lebarre Bienvenu.  Alix died in 1804 at the age of five.

10) Felicite Amynthe Devince Bienvenu was born in 1801 and in 1816 and she married <1> Nicolas Theodule le Pelletier de la Houssaye.  Nicolas and four of his brothers all served under Captain Joseph Dubuclet in the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.  Felicite’s second husband was <2> Jean Henri Ribet, Jr.

11) Alexandrine Alice (Alix) Devince Bienvenu was baptized in 1803.  Her baptismal sponsors were Alexandro Devince Bienvenu II and Magdelena Francisca Pellerin (proxy, Leonor Latil).  In 1833 Alix married Clairville Broussard, the son of Pierre Joseph Broussard II and Scholastique Broussard and the grandson of Pierre Joseph Broussard I and <1> Marie Blanche Melancon (Chapter 9-B).

All of the sons of Alexandre and Henriette Latil Bienvenu served in the War of 1812.  Alexandre II was a Colonel of the militia and Charles Timoleon, Thomas Raphael and Pierre Terville were Privates in Captain Joseph Dubuclet’s Volunteer Troop of the Teche-Attakapas Hussars at the Battle of New Orleans.  Francois Theodule was only seventeen at the time of the battle, but he served.

From an article in the New Orleans Times Picayune, dated May 11, 1969: “When the British began their invasion of Louisiana that would end with the Battle of New Orleans, this mother (Henriette Bienvenu) gave all seven {six known} sons to the American cause and the defense of the Crescent City….Not satisfied that all of her boys were carrying arms under General Andrew Jackson, she contacted Governor William C.C. Claiborne and told him that she regretted not being able to do more….and offered her service to the fight.  She went by boat to New Orleans and served as a nurse to the wounded in this fight….When the conflict was over, the bravery and patriotism of this woman were cited by many in authority.  General Jackson made it a point to cite her courage in public and commend her for what she had done….When she returned to St. Martinville the citizenry poured out of their homes to welcome her and then formed a triumphal procession in which she was carried on a chair by some of those who had fought valiantly in the Battle of New Orleans.”

From the “Bienvienu Family of Saint Martinville” by Willie Z. Bienvenu, MD in the Attakapas Gazette, Vol. XV: “She received a letter of thanks and praise from Governor W.C.C. Claiborne, public commendation and thanks from General Jackson, and was carried through the streets of New Orleans in a chair on the shoulders of two soldiers in honor of her services.”

PHILIPPE BIENVENU I

  b. @1650

  m. @1670, Orleans, Dept. of Lorient, Brittany, FR; Esperance Petit

  c. One known child

   PHILIPPE BIENVENU II

     bt. 23 Mar 1670/71, Church of St. Paul, Orleans, Dept. of Lorient, Brittany, FR

     d. Before 1754, probably in KAS

     m. <1> 4 Jul 1699, Lorient, FR; Francoise Allaire of Ploemeur, FR, b. 5 Dec 1683 FR, d. before

1723 probably in KAS; wd/o Jean Bernard; d/o Mr. Allaire & Jeanne Raudas

     m. <2> 6 Jun 1723, Parish of Notre Dame, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Marie Foret; wd/o Pierre Verrier

     c. 6 children from first marriage

1. Philippe Francois Bienvenu

     bt. 11 Jul 1700, Ploemeur, FR

     d. 15 Jul 1700 after 4 days

2. Marie Francoise Bienvenu

     bt. 23 Sep 1701, Lorient, Brittany, FR

     m. 16 March 1721, Biloxi, MS, NO SAC; Francois La Ferriere dit Bouillie; s/o Francois Bouillie &

Marguerite Rousseau

3. Pierre Antoine Bienvenu I (below)

4. Jeanne Bienvenu I

     b. @1704, FR

     d. By 12 Sep 1729, KAS

     m. 13 Sep 1723, Parish of Notre Dame, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Charles Joseph Gossiaux,

b. @1699, d. 8 Feb 1751 KAS; s/o Philippe Gossiaux & Anne Criche of Cambrais; Charles m.

<2> 8 Feb 1751 Marie Rose Gonneau, wd/o Pierre Claude Marechal

5. Elizabeth Baptiste Bienvenu I

     b. @1705, FR

     m. 4 Oct 1730, KAS, NO SAC; Francois Corset dit Coco of Paris; s/o Maturin Corset &

Catherine Vivante

6. Marie Anne Bienvenu

     b. @1706, FR

     m. <1> 15 Jul 1722, KAS; Jacques Dupres dit Terrebonne, b. 27 Apr 1696 CAN

     m. <2> @1755; Mr. Derborne

Pierre Antoine Bienvenu I

     bt. 22 Mar 1703, Lorient, Brittany, FR

     d. ST BER, Will dtd 13 Nov 1771 NO in files of Juan Garic, NO Notary 2:320, translated in

L’Heritage, Vol. 12, #45, Jan 1989

     m. <1> 3 Jun 1726, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Marie Francoise Rabut, d. before 1753;

wd/o Pierre Durand & Pierre Melet

     c. 4 children

<1>A. Jeanne Bienvenu II

     b. @1727, KAS

     d. By 3 Feb 1749, KAS

     m. 5 Feb 1743, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Jacques Gabriel la Course, bt. 28 Apr 1710;

s/o Pierre la Course I & Marie Magdelaine Bourbeau of Three Rivers, CAN & bro/o

Pierre la Course II (below); Jacques m. <2> 3 Feb 1749, KAS, Charlotte Guillemot

<1>B. Elizabeth Bienvenu II

     b. @1728, KAS

     d. Before 11 Jan 1762, KAS

     m. <1> 4/11 Nov 1744, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Pierre la Course II; wdr/o Marie Louise

Roy; s/o Pierre la Course I & Marie Magdelaine Bourbeau of Three Rivers, CAN & bro/o

Jacques Gabriel la Course (above)

     m. <2> 23 June 1755, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Joseph Dubord; he m. <2> 11 Jan

1762, KAS, Louise Carmouche

<1>C. Antoine Laurent Bienvenu

     b. 24 Jun 1731, KAS

     d. 11 May 1805

     m. <1> 17 Jul 1752, KAS; Elizabeth Desvignets

     m. <2> 2 Feb 1766, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Marie Louise Danis, b. 1753, d. 21 Feb

1788

<1>D. Marie Louise Celeste Bienvenu (sometimes called Jeanne)

    b. @1732, KAS

     d. After 1764

     m. <1> 13 Jan 1750, KAS, KAS Parish Register; Capt. Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair I,

b. 1693 FR, d. @1757 or before 20 Dec 1760 ATT

     c. 3 known children

<1>1) Jean Charles Francois Benoit de St. Clair

     b. @1751

     m. 21 Feb 1792 OPEL, SWLAR; Marie Louise Caroline Marthe de Clouet, b. 21 Sep

1779, bt. 30 Apr 1780, d. 15 Jan 1825 SM, SUCC may be dtd 28 Sep 1825 SM

#539; d/o Gen. Alexandre Francois de Clouet & Anne Louise de Favrot; sis/o

Hyacinthe & Charlotte de Clouet (below)

<1>2) Clair Benoit de St. Clair

     b. @1752

     d. 3 Jul 1832

     m. 10 Sep 1801, SM, MCD dtd 24 May 1802, SMOA 14/12; Marie Charlotte

Caroline de Clouet; b. 27 Sep 1778, d. 22 Apr 1820 SM; d/o Gen. Alexandre

Francois de Clouet & Anne Louise de Favrot; sis/o Caroline & Hyacinthe de

Clouet (above) & below); Francois Gonsoulin was a witness

<1>3) Jean Baptiste Benoit de St. Clair II

     b. @1754

     d. 5 Nov 1796, SM, SWLAR

     m. 28 May 1793, OPEL, SWLAR & SMOA 14/12; Marie Louise Hyacinthe de Clouet,

b. 8 Apr 1776 NO, bt. 25 Aug 1777 ATT, d. 1 Sep 1822 SM; d/o Gen.

Alexandre Francois de Clouet & Anne Louise de Favrot; sis/o Caroline &

Charlotte de Clouet (above); her godmother was Hyacinthe Degruy, the sis/o

Jean Baptiste Degruy, the 2nd h/o Elizabeth Montault de Monberaut

(Chapter 5-A)

     c. 3/5 children, incl:

a) Francois Benoit de St. Clair

     m. 23 May 1816, SM; Marie Francoise Arthemise de Clouet, d. 15 Jan 1825;

d/o Joseph Alexandre de Clouet II & Charlotte Layssard; gd/o Alexandre

Francois de Clouet & Anne Louise de Favrot; niece/o Caroline, Charlotte

& Hyacinthe de Clouet (above); wedding witnesses incl: Joseph Dubuclet,

Darby Dubuclet & Francois Gonsoulin

     c. 5 children, incl:

1.) Marie Louise Benoit de St. Clair

     b. 17 Dec 1817

     m. 29 Apr 1836; Alexandre Etienne de Clouet, b. 9 Jun 1812 SM, d.

25 Jun 1890, LAF, bu. SM ; s/o Etienne de Clouet & Aspasie

Fuselier de St. Clair; gs/o Joseph Alexandre de Clouet II &

Charlotte Layssard; ggs/o Alexandre Francois de Clouet & Anne

Louise de Favrot

Celeste…..m. <2> 5 Jan 1761, NO, NO SAC; Pierre Rene Harpain de la Gautrais, II b. 25 Feb

1713 Brest in Brittany, FR, d. 15 May 1776 at Hotel Dieu Hospital in Angers, FR;

wdr/o Therese Celeste Nepveu (w/o J.B. Girardot & Louis du Tisne I {Chapter 6-C}

& the d/o Jacques Nepveu & Michelle Chauvin {Chapter 5-C}); Rene was the s/o

Pierre Francois Rene Harpain de la Gautrais I (Chapter 8-A) & Marie Charlotte

de Bellair, the sis/o Ignace Hubert de Bellair I who m. Barbe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C);

Rene m. maybe <3> Louise Marguerite Belzaguy

     c. 3 children (de la Gautrais Geneo), incl: Noel Harpain & Louis Harpain de la Gautrais, &

<2>4) Marie Louise Celeste Harpain de la Gautrais

     b. 25 Oct 1761, NO

     bt. 12 Nov 1761, NO, NO SAC; s. Antoine Bienvenu & Jean Marie Douville Chauvin

     d. 17 Sep 1830, LOR, SWLAR, SUCC dtd 8 Apr 1831 SM #669

    m. 4 Nov 1779, NO, NO SAC, MCD dtd 3 Nov 1779 in files of J. Garic, NO Notary,

12:490 (I have this); Jean Francois Gonsoulin, b. 1747 Marsailles, FR, d. 20

Sep 1819 SM, SUCC dtd 16 Jan 1823 SM #470; s/o Jean Pierre Gonsoulin

de Beaumelle & Louise Desfiguares

     c. 13 children, incl: Celina Gonsoulin who m. Valliere Dauterive II (Chapters 8

& 8-A)

Antoine I m. <2> Aug 1753, NO; Marie Marthe Devince, b. 8 Jan 1736 MOB, MOB Bt. Bk 1-112, bu. 28 Aug 1802 in nave (2nd section) of Chapel of Most Holy Virgin, St. Louis Cathedral, NO, NO SAC; d/o Alexandre Valentin Devince & Marie Marthe Chauvin (whose 2nd husband was Jean Gregoire Volant); gd/o Jacques Chauvin & Marie de la Vergne (Chapter 5-C); Marie Marthe Devince’s Will dtd 24 Aug 1802 in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary 4:372-7/97; Will of Antoine Bienvenu I dtd 13 Nov 1771 says he married Marie Martha Devins in August 1753; other Recs indicate they were m. 15 Jun 1754

     c. 5 children

<2>E. Marie Mathilde Bienvenu

     b. 5 Jun 1754, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 7 Sept 1755, NO, NO SAC; s. Gregoire Volant, captain commandant of the Swiss

Company, & Marie Bienvenu, spouse of Benoit, captain of a detached naval company

     d. 26 Sep 1829, SM, SWLAR, bu. SM Cem., SM, SUCC may be SM #1794 or #1994

     m. 23 Mar 1773, NO, MCD dtd 23 Mar 1773 in files of J. Garic, NO Notary 4:99; Clair

Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet, b. @1740 FR, d. 25 Dec 1813 SM (Chapter 3); s/o

Jacques Bernard D’Hauterive & Marie Jeanne St. Laurent (Chapter 2); bro/o

Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere (Chapter 4) & Jean Antoine Bernard

D’Hauterive (Chapter 5)

     c. One child (Chapter 3)

<2>F. Marie Marthe Devince Bienvenu

     b. 25 Apr 1756, NO

     bt. 29 Jun 1756, NO, NO SAC; s. Valentin Devince, officer of the troops, & Anne Marie

Bienvenu Derborne, the infant’s aunt

     d. Not in father’s Will of 1771

<2>G. Marie Marthe Victorie Devince Bienvenu

     b. 11 Aug 1759, NO

     bt. 20 Sep 1759, NO, NO SAC; s. Francois Pascalis de la Barre, former cavalry captain,

& Marie Constance Volant, the spouse of Marquis, former commandant of the Swiss

     d. After 1799

     m. @1776; Francois Chauvin Delery Desillet I, bt. 10 Dec 1751 NO, NO SAC, d. 25 Feb

1814 NO, ESD, Will dtd 5 Feb 1814 NO; s/o Antoine Chauvin Delery Desillet &

Charlotte Fauchon du Manoir (Chapter 5-B); gs/o Joseph Chauvin Delery I & <1>

Hypolite Mercier

     c. 13 children: Marie Marthe Francoise; Alexandre; Marie Pouponne; Elmira; Antonio; Marie

Victoria m. Louis Francois Guerin; Marguerite Florence m. Louis Guerin: Jeanne Melanie; Louise Celeste m. Francois Lamoler d’Orville, Jr.; Jacques Chauvin Delery Desillet; &

1) Marie Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet

     b. 18 May 1780

     d. Jan 1826

     m. 15 Jun 1803, NO, NO SAC; Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre II; wdr/o Rosina’s

cousin, Louise Constance Huchet de Kernion; s/o Francois Pascalis de la Barre I &

Charlotte Volant; gs/o Jean Gregoire Volant & Marie Marthe Chauvin (Chapter

5-C); Marriage Dispensation dated 24 May 1803, NO, in files of Narciso Broutin,

NO Notary; Pierre was the f/o Jean Baptiste Pascalis Volant de la Barre (below)

2) Charlotte Philomene Chauvin Delery Desillet

     b. 16/26 Jan 1782, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 2 Apr 1782, NO, NO SAC; s. Antonio Vienbenu & Carlota Chuten de Sille Libode

     m. 12 Feb 1813, NO, NO SAC; Jean Baptiste Pascalis Volant de la Barre; s/o

Pierre Pascalis de la Barre & <1> Louise Constance Huchet de Kernion (above)

3) Francois Chauvin Delery Desillet II

     b. 10 Oct 1785, NO, ESD

     d. 12 May 1860, ESD

     m. <1> 2 Apr 1807, NO, NO SAC; his cousin, Marie Marguerite Couton Chauvin

Delery Desillet, b. @1789; d/o Jean Baptiste Chauvin Delery Desillet & <2>

Charlotte Minette del Homme, the d/o Charles Joseph del Homme & Laurence

Chauvin Delery; gd/o Francoise Laurence Le Blanc (Chapter 5-B)

     m. <2> His wife’s sister, Marie Jeanne Couton Chauvin Delery Desillet, b. 3 Nov

1787, d. 13 Sep 1852 NO; d/o Jean Baptiste Chauvin Delery Desillet & <2>

Charlotte Minette del Homme, the d/o Charles Joseph del Homme & Laurence

Chauvin Delery; gd/o Francoise Laurence Le Blanc (Chapter 5-B)

<2>H. Pierre Antoine Bienvenu II

     b. 2 Oct 1761, ST BER

     bt. 12 Nov 1761, NO, NO SAC; s. Pierre Rene de la Gautrais, Chevalier of the Royal &

Military Order of St. Louis, & Marie Louise du Tisne Grondel

     d. 25 Oct 1841 at home in ST. BER, ESD & St. Louis Cathedral Rec, bu. St. Louis Cem.

#2, NO

     m. 30 Dec 1784, NO, NO SAC; Marie Charlotte Pascalis Volant de la Barre, b. 14 Feb

1766, d. 21 Dec 1825 NO; d/o Francois Pascalis de la Barre I & Charlotte Volant; gd/o

Jean Gregoire Volant & Marie Marthe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C)

     c. 11 children: Marie Martha m. Edward Louis Guerin; Charles Neuville m. Estelle Dupres;

Louisa Aimee m. Edouard Guerin; Marie Martina Bienvenu, &

1) Antoine Bienvenu III

     b. 29 Sep 1786, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 6 Nov 1790, NO, NO SAC; s. Francisco Pascalis de la Barre, knight, gentleman,

regidor, aguacil mayor, & Maria Martha de Vince Bienvenu

     m. 26 Feb 1808, NO; Marie Felicite de Morand dit Aspasie, d. 25 Oct 1841 or 8 Jul

1864 NO; d/o Charles de Morand II & Jeanne Catherine Amelot; niece/o Felicite

de Morand who m. Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere (Chapters 4 &

4-A); sis/o Josephine de Morand (below)

2) Francois Melincourt Bienvenu

     b. @1788

     m. @1820; Josephine Guichard, b. @1804; d/o Maligore Guichard & Constance de

Morand; grandniece/o Felicite de Morand, the w/o Josef Bernard

D’Hauterive de Valliere (Chapter 4-A)

3) Francois Jean Vileor Bienvenu

     b. 23 Nov 1789, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 26 Nov 1795, NO, NO SAC; s. Francisco Pascalis Labarre & Maria Bienvenu

     d. 23 Dec 1851, NO

     m. 25 Jan 1834, NO, NO SAC; Marie Doralise Dufouchard Degruy; d/o Antoine

Dufouchard Degruy & Josephine Guerin; grandniece/o Jean Baptiste Degruy,

the 2nd h/o Elizabeth Montault de Monberaut (Chapter 5-A)

4) Charles Fierville Bienvenu

     b. 13 Sep 1792, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 23 Sep 1794, NO, NO SAC; s. Francisco Chauvin Desilet & Maria Bienvenu

     m. 25 Sep 1818, ST BER, NO SAC; Marie Emilie Landier, b. @1800; d/o Juan M.

Landier who m. <2> Charlotte Constance de Morand, a niece/o Felicite de

Morand who m. Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere (Chapter 4-A);

Charlotte m. <2> Maligore Guichard (above)

5) Louis Marcelle Bienvenu

     b. 5 Jun 1794, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 23 Sep 1794, NO, NO SAC; s. Antonio Bienvenu, infant’s brother, & Luisa

Kernion (proxy, Maria Grondel, widow Latil)

     d. @1856

     m. 29 Sep 1819, NO, NO SAC; Marie Adelaide Josephine de Morand, b. 7 Jun 1794

NO, NO SAC, d. Feb 1831; wd/o Edmund Forstall; d/o Charles de Morand II &

Jeanne Amelot; niece/o Felicite de Morand who m. Josef Bernard

Dauterive

6) Charlotte Adele Bienvenu

     b. 2 Apr 1797, NO, NO SAC; or

     b.  25 Jan 1798, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 22 Aug 1799, NO, NO SAC; s. Francisco Lamollere d’Orville & Carlota Morant;

or

     bt. 24 Feb 1800, NO, NO SAC; s. Pedro Pascalis de Labarre & Carlota Vilonneur

Dutillet

     d. 11 Jan 1829, ESD, bu. Little Red Church Cem., ST CHAS

     m. 5 Jul 1820, NO, NO SAC; Louis Hardy de Boisblanc, b. 12 Jan 1794 NO; s/o

Charles Joseph Francois Hardy de Boisblanc & Marie Nicolas Clemence Chauvin

de Beaulieu  (Chapters 1 & 5-C); Clemence was the gd/o Louis Chauvin de

Beaulieu & Charlotte Orbanne Duval, the stepd/o of Renaud d’Hauterive

(Chapter 1)

     c. Several children (Chapter 1)

7) Charlotte Delphine Bienvenu (not in mother’s Succession)

     m. 25 Sep 1818, NO, NO SAC; Delphin Villere, d. 27 Jun 1822, ESD; s/o General Jacques Philippe Villere (2nd Gov. of LA) & Jeanne Henriette de Fazende

Note: There is a Joseph and a Josephine Bienvenu, b. 30 Nov 1806 NO (twins), bt. 27 Apr 1811 in

the Recs as children of Antoine & Charlotte Bienvenu.  One of Josephine’s witnesses at baptism

was Joseph Antoine Dubuclet (NO SAC), “child’s first cousin”.

<2>I. Alexandre Devince Bienvenu I

     b. 11 Aug 1763, NO

     bt. 20 Sep 1769, NO, NO SAC; s. Alexandre O’Reilly, lieutenant general of troops &

governor of this province (proxy, Luis de las Casas, major of this city) & Marie

Bienvenu

     d. 16 Jun 1805, SM, Will dtd 10 Jun 1805 SM, recorded 18 Jun 1805, SUCC dtd Feb

1807 SM #3

     m. 18 Mar 1783, NO, NO SAC, MCD dtd 17 Mar 1783 NO; Felicite Louise Henriette de

Timecourt de Grondel Latil, b. 31 Dec 1762 NO, bt. 20 Sep 1769 NO, d. 23 Jun 1833

SM, SWLAR; d/o Alexandre Latil & Jeanne de Grondel (Chapters 6-A & 6-B);

sis/o Pauline Latil who m. Bernard Antoine Dauterive (Chapter 6)

     c. 11 children, 9 listed in his Will: Thomas Raphael Timecourt m. Elise Louise Veillon;

Marie Devince; Pierre Terville m. Genevieve Sophie Guicho de Kerlegand; Joseph

Terence m. Marie Julie Guilbeaux; Carlotta Alix Devince Bienvenu; &

1) Alexandre Devince Bienvenu II

     b. 15 Jan 1784, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 29 Mar 1785, NO, NO SAC; s. Lazaro Latill & Maria Devens Bienvenu

     d. 8 Jul 1855, JEFF, ESD, bu. St. Louis Cem. #1, NO

     m. 13 Jun 1803, NO, NO SAC; Charlotte Marie Euranie Pascalis de la Barre, b. 30

Mar 1785 NO, d. 25 Nov 1863 NO; d/o Francois Pascalis de la Barre II &

Charlotte Dutillet of MOB; gd/o Francois Pascalis de la Barre I & Charlotte

Volant; ggd/of Gregoire Volant & Marie Marthe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C); Marriage

Dispensation dated 2 June 1803, NO, in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary

2) Marie Jeanne Aspasie Devince Bienvenu

     b. 20 Nov 1785, NO, ESD

     d. 27 Nov 1810, SM, SWLAR, bu. SM Cem., SM, SUCC dtd 28 Feb 1811 SM #77

     m. 2 Mar 1802, SM, NO SAC; Pierre Oliver Louis du Chousel de Vezin, b. 30 Apr

1782, d. 30 Oct 1840; s/o Hughes Charles Honore Oliver de Vezin & Marie

Magdeleine de Mandeville; Pierre m. <2> 15 Mar 1812, SM, Marie Josephe

Latiolais, d/o Joseph Latolais & Francoise Nezat; Pierre was a nephew/o

Nicholas Joseph Godfroi Oliver de Vezin who m. <2> Marianne Bienvenu, the d/o

Jean Baptiste Bienvenu (below)

3) Charles Timoleon Devince Bienvenu

     b. 2 Feb 1791, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 10 Oct 1791, NO, NO SAC; s. Carlos Jumonville de Viller (proxy, Antonio

Morales, treasurer of customs) & Maria Martha Bienvenu (proxy, Clara Eugenia

Latill)

     d. 13 Oct 1830, SM, SUCC dtd 17 Aug 1835 SM #783

     m. 1 Sep 1817, SM, SWLAR; Marie Pepite Josephine Gonsoulin, b. 2 Feb 1795 SM,

d. 20 Nov 1880; d/o Francois Gonsoulin & Celeste de la Gautrais

(Chapters 8 & 8-A); gd/o Rene Harpain de la Gautrias II & Celeste

Bienvenu (above); Josephine m. <2> 31 Dec 1835 Jean Baptiste Bonin

     c. 5 children, incl:

a) Euphemie Amynthe Bienvenu

      b. 3 Nov 1820

      d. By 1900

      m. 18 Oct 1847; Bertrand Dauterive Toffier, d. 17 May 1878; s/o Nicholas

Bertrand Toffier & Marie Rose Adeline Dauterive; gs/o Bernard Antoine

Dauterive (Chapter 6);

4) Francois Theodule Devince Bienvenu

     b. 26 Dec 1797, SM, NO SAC

     bt. 24 Mar 1798, NO, NO SAC; s. Francisco de Leiva, officer of the militia of this

plaza, & Maria Juana L’Herrabe

     d. 13 Mar 1867, SM

     m. MCD dtd 18 Jan 1816, SM, SWLAR; Marie Celeste Genevieve Fontenette,

b. 1801, d. 24 Nov 1889; d/o Jacques Fontenette & Charlotte Celeste Pellerin

5) Felicite Amynthe Devince Bienvenu

     b. 11 Nov 1801, SM, NO SAC

     bt. 4 Jul 1802, SM, NO SAC; s. Juan Bautista Dejan & Felicidad Boisdore

     m. <1> 24 Oct 1816, SM, SWLAR; Nicolas Theodule le Pelletier de la Houssaye,

b. 17 Feb 1799 LA; s/o Alexandre Etienne Louis Pelletier de la Houssaye &

Jeanne Louise Pellerin; Joseph Dubuclet was a witness to this wedding

     m.  <2> 7 Nov 1840, SM; Jean Henri Ribet, Jr.; s/o Jean Ribet & Elizabeth Cato

6) Alexandrine Alice (Alix) Devince Bienvenu

     bt. 20 Oct 1803, SM, NO SAC; s. Alexandro Devince Bienvenu, infant’s brother, &

Magdelena Francisca Pellerin (proxy, Leonor Latil)

     m. 1 Jul 1833, SM, SWLAR; Clairville Broussard, b. 1810, d. 10 Oct 1855 SM,

SWLAR, SUCC dtd 31 Oct 1855 SM #248 or 1483; s/o Pierre Joseph Broussard

II & Scholastique Broussard (Chapter 9-B)

A great deal of the information on this Bienvenu family has been taken from “The Bienvenu Family of St. Martinville”, by Willie Z. Bienvenu, MD, in the Attakapas Gazette.  The majority of it has been verified in: Kaskaskia Under the French Regime, by Natalia Maree Belting; Southwest Louisiana Records, by Fr. Hebert; Sacramental Records of New Orleans; Early Settlers on the Delta, by Shirley Chaisson Bourquard; & in the St. Martin Parish History, by Betty Pourciau.

NOTE:  On the ship Le Profond which left France on May 20, 1720 there are four Bienvenu family members listed: Jean Baptiste Bienvenu, Jeanne Guillaume Bienvenu, Daniel Bienvenu & Francois Bienvenu.  They were assigned to the Concession of the Controlleur General.  It is not known if these Bienvenus are related to this Bienvenu family.

There is another JEAN BAPTISTE BIENVENU in the records who was born about 1739 in France; a native of Bordeaux.  He was a Captain in the military, a planter, and a resident of New Orleans.  It is not known if he was the first of his family to come to Louisiana, nor is it known if he came from France directly, or, as many others did, by way of Canada.

He married HELENE ANGELIQUE BALLET, the widow of Louis Ducret, in 1771 in New Orleans.  She was the daughter of Jean Ballet and Marguerite Cartier.

Jean Baptiste served with General Galvez in the American Revolution, was the militia commandant of New Orleans, and had a large plantation near New Orleans on the west bank of the Mississippi River.  Jean Baptiste and Helene Ballet Bienvenu had four daughters: Marianne; Helene Henriette; Alix; and Anastasie Bienvenu.

Jean Baptiste died in 1786 and was buried in New Orleans in 1790.  Some of his family’s descendant’s names appear in our d’Hauterive family records.  The above information was taken from The Fortier Family, by Estelle Cochran.

Bartholomey Duverge and Helene Ballet, the widow of Jean Baptiste Bienvenu, were well known in the history of Algiers (across the river from New Orleans) as large landowners.  Duverge had married Alix Bienvenu, Helene Ballet Bienvenu’s daughter.   

Duverge built a stately home in Algiers in 1812.  Elizabeth Duverge, possibly a sister of Bartholomew, married Jacques Verret and they had a son, Furcy Verret.  In 1815 Furcy Verret married Elmire Oliver de Vezin, the daughter of Marianne Bienvenu (Alix Bienvenu’s sister) and Nicolas Godfroi Oliver de Vezin.

In 1814 Furcy excavated the Verret Canal on his property in Algiers for the purpose of draining the sugar plantation he owned with his mother, Elizabeth Duverge.  The canal was used by Jean Lafitte, described as being a smuggler, pirate and privateer, during the War of 1812.

JEAN BAPTISTE BIENVENU of Bordeaux, FR

  b. @1739, FR

  d. 9 Feb 1786, Fortier Family, by Cochran, or bu. 11 Sep 1790 NO, NO SAC

  m. 25 May 1771; MCD dtd 25 May 1771 in files of J.B. Garic, NO Notary; Helene Angelique Ballet,

  b. 22 Oct 1750 NO, d. 1817; wd/o Louis Ducret; d/o Jean Ballet & Marguerite Cartier

  c. 4 children

1. Marie Anne (Marianne) Bienvenu

     b. 12 Aug 1772, NO, ESD

     bt. 29 Aug 1772, NO, NO SAC; s. Jacques Toutant Beauregard & Marianne Ballaye Bienvenu,

absent (Proxy, Felicite Ducret)

     d. 2 Feb 1843, ESD

     m. 1788/89; Nicolas Joseph Godfroy Oliver de Vezin, b. 27 May 1757 NO, ESD, d. 18 Jul 1815

NO, ESD, SUCC in ST BER Courthouse, Chalmette, LA; wdr/o Eulalie Toutant Beauregard; s/o

Pierre Francois Oliver de Vezin & Marie Josephe Gaiteneau Duplessis; uncle/o Pierre Louis

Oliver du Chousil de Vezin who m. <1> Marie Jeanne Aspasie Devince Bienvenu (above)

     c. 9 children, incl:

A. Helene Anastasie Oliver de Vezin

     b. 24 Dec 1790 or 24 Dec 1793, ESD

     bt. 5 May 1794, ESD

     d. 14 Jun 1871, ESD, bu. St. Louis Cem., #3, NO

     m. 1815; her cousin, Augustin de Reggio, b. 31 Dec 1792 ST BER, d. before 19 Mar

1834; s/o Louis Charles de Reggio & Louise Judith Oliver de Vezin

     c. Several children, incl:

1) Marianne Adelaide de Reggio

     b. 27 Jul 1816, ST BER

     d. 1891

     m. 1834; Augustin Frejus Toutant Beauregard, b. 8 Aug 1815, d. 1881

     c. Several children, incl: General Louis Jacques Toutant-Beauregard, b. @1835

B. Jean Baptiste Oliver de Vezin

     b. 22 Jun 1795, ESD

     d. 24 Feb 1869, ESD

     m. His cousin, Alix Duverge, b. 12 Jul 1803, ESD, d. 5 Oct 1880, ESD; d/o Barthelemey

Duverge & Alix Bienvenu (below)

C. Elmire Josephine Oliver de Vezin

     b. 24 Sep 1797, ESD

     d. 21 Oct 1848, ESD

     m. 4 Apr 1815; Furcy Verret, b. 15 Nov 1785, ESD, d. 6 Mar 1862 NO, ESD; s/o Jacques

Verret & Elizabeth Duverge

     c. 3 children, incl: Louise Verret m. Alfred Robelot (below)

D. Charles Godefroy Oliver de Vezin

     b. 9 Aug 1803, ESD

     bt. 27 Jul 1804, ESD & NO SAC; s. Carlos Daniel Fagot la Garciniere & Maria Francisca de

la Moler Dorbil

     d. 1 Jul 1835

     m. MCD dtd 2 Jul 1825 NO, ESD & in files of Hughes Lavergne, NO Notary; his cousin,

Henriette Evelina (Eulalie) Duverge, b. 1807, d. 1884; d/o Barthelemy Duverge & Alix

Bienvenu (below)

2. Helene Henriette Bienvenu

      b. 15 Nov 1774, NO, NO SAC

      bt. 28 Dec 1776, NO

      m. 11 Apr 1798, NO, NO SAC; Nicolas Robelot of Dijon, FR, b. @1772 FR; s/o Juan Robelot &

Ana Menelet

     c. 2 children

A. Alfred Robelot

     b. 1814

     d. 1865

     m. 20 Dec 1834; his cousin, Louise Verret, b. 12 Dec 1817, d. 1864; d/o Furcy Verret &

Elmire Oliver de Vezin (above)

B. Oscar Robelot

     b. 1817

     d. 1845

     m. His cousin, Helena Duverge, b. 1818, d. 1864; d/o Barthelemy Duverge & Alix

Bienvenu (below)

3. Alix de Marie Bienvenu

      b. 8 Jul 1779, NO, NO SAC

      bt. 18 Sep 1779, NO, NO SAC; s. Luis Toutan Borgar (Beauregard) & Maria Magdalena

Francisca Hamy

     d. 8 Aug 1838, NO, NO SAC in marginal note of child’s baptismal Rec

     m. 19 Aug 1799, NO, NO SAC; Barthelemy Duverge, b. 7 Sep 1768, d. 7 Oct 1820; s/o

Guillermo Duverge & Marie Rose Larche de Buisson

     c. 9 children, incl:

A. Alix Duverge

     b. 12 Jul 1803, ESD

     d. 5 Oct 1880, ESD

     m. 1817; her cousin, Jean Baptiste Oliver de Vezin, b. 22 Jun 1795, ESD; d. 24 Feb

1869, ESD; s/o Nicolas Joseph Godfroy Oliver de Vezin & Marianne Bienvenu (above)

B. Henriette Evelina (Eulalie) Duverge

     b. 1807

     d. 1884

     m. MCD dtd 2 Jul 1825, NO, ESD & in files of Hughes Lavergne, NO Notary; her cousin,

Charles Godfroy Oliver de Vezin, b. 9 Aug 1803, d. 1 Jul 1835; s/o Nicolas Joseph

Godfroy Oliver de Vezin & Marianne Bienvenu (above)

C. Helena Duverge

     b. 1818

     d. 1864

     m. Her cousin, Oscar Robelot, b. 1817, d. 1845; s/o Nicolas Robelot & Henriette

Bienvenu (above)

4. Anastasie Bienvenu

     b. 29 Oct 1786, NO

     bt. 9 Oct 1788, NO, NO SAC; s. Juan Bautista Broche Borgar & Mariana Libor

     d. @1810, NO

     m. Unmarried

JEAN VOLANT  Master of Waters & Forests in Upper Alsace, Diocese of Strasbourg, FR

  m. Marie Ursule de Karrer of Lansder/Landau in the Palatinate

  c. One known child

JEAN GREGOIRE VOLANT- Lt. Commander of Swiss at Mobile Post

  b. Before 1710

  d. @1762, SUCC dtd 26 Apr 1762, LSM shows the final disposition of his estate to his 3 daughters,

also in “Records of the Superior Council” in LHQ dtd 26 Apr 1762

  m. 30 Jan 1736, MOB, MOB Catholic Register of Marriages; Marie Marthe Chauvin, b. @1710 MOB,

d. 1749/50 NO; wd/o Alexandre Valentin Devince; d/o Jacques Chauvin & Marie Anne de la Vergne

(Chapter 5-C)

  c. 3 children

1. Marie Charlotte Volant

     b. 22 Jun 1738, MOB

     bu. 8 Jan 1802, NO, in St. Louis Cathedral in first section before Collateral Gate of the altar of

Our Lady, NO SAC

     m. @1758, NO; Francois Pascalis de la Barre I, b. 30 Oct 1721 La Fleche, FR, d. 23 Dec

1803 NO; s/o Jacques Pascalis & Renee Le Royer; came to America in 1749

     c. 10 known children, incl:

A. Francisco Pascalis Volant de la Barre II

     b. 11 Apr 1759

     bt. 23 Sep 1769, NO

     d. 21 Sep 1814, NO

     m. 11 Aug 1782, NO; Charlotte Dutillet de Villehonneur, b. 23 Jan 1759 NO, d. 1847

     c. 11 children, incl:

1) Charlotte Marie Euranie de la Barre

     bt. 30 Mar 1785, NO

     d. 25 Nov 1863, NO

     m. 13 Jun 1803, NO, NO SAC; Alexandre Devince Bienvenu II, b. 15 Jan 1784 NO,

d. 8 Jul 1855 JEFF LA; s/o Alexandre Devince Bienvenu I (above) & Henriette

Latil, the sis/o Pauline Latil (Chapter 6-A); dispensation dated 2 Jun 1803

in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary

2) Marie Aimee (Anne Amanda) de la Barre

     b. 8 Oct 1787

     d. 11 Jun 1833

     m. 24 Feb 1806, NO, NO SAC; Henry Ludger Fortier, bt. 3 Dec 1779 NO, d. 15

Mar 1844; s/o Michel Fortier I & Perrine Langlois

     c. 6 children incl: Marie Estelle Fortier m. Charles Bienvenu, s/o Fierville Bienvenu; &

Louise Mathilde Fortier m. Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre III, the s/o Pierre

Pascalis Volant de la Barre II and <1> Louise Constance Huchet de Kernion

(below)

3) Charlotte Celeste de la Barre

     b. 5 Feb 1790, OFLA

     d. 1863, OFLA

     m. 28 Oct 1810, NO, NO SAC; her cousin, Francois Lasestiere Volant de la Barre;

s/o Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre II & <1> Louise Constance Huchet de

Kernion (below)

4) Martha Melicente de la Barre

     b. 1791, OFLA

     d. 16 Aug 1823, OFLA

     m. Jean Baptiste Francois le Breton; s/o Barthelemy Francois le Breton & Jeanne

Marguerite de Bore; he m. <2> Marie Celestine Rosina de la Barre, wd/o Pierre

Ladislas Guermeur Huchet de Kernion & d/o Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre II

& <2> Marie Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet (below)

B. Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre II

     b. 23 Jan 1761, NO

     bt. 19 Feb 1761, NO

     d. 2 Apr 1836, NO

     m. <1> 5/14 Sep 1783, NO, OFLA & NO SAC; Louise Constance Huchet de Kernion,

b. 1 Apr 1768 NO, d. before 1803; d/o Rene Huchet de Kernion & Louise Constance

Chauvin Delery Desillet; ggd/o Joseph Chauvin Delery I & <1> Hypolite Mercier

(Chapter 5-B)

     c. 3 children: Pierre Pascalis Volant de la Barre III m. Louise Mathilde Fortier (above); &

<1>1) Jean Baptiste Volant de la Barre

     b. 1790

     d. 1843

     m. 12 Feb 1813; Charlotte Philomene Chauvin Delery Desillet; d/o Francois Chauvin

Delery Desillet I & Marie Marthe Victorie Bienvenu (Chapter 3-A)

<1>2) Francois Lasestiere Volant de la Barre

     m. 28 Oct 1810, NO, NO SAC; his cousin, Charlotte Celeste de la Barre; d/o

Francois Pascalis de la Barre II & Charlotte Dutillet; gd/o Francisco Pascalis de la

Barre I & Charlotte Volant (Chapter 5-B)

     m. <2>15 Jun 1803, NO, NO SAC; Louise’s cousin, Marie Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet,

b. 18 May 1780, d. Jan 1826; d/o Francois Chauvin Delery Desillet I & Marie Marthe

Victorie Bienvenu (above & Chapter 5-B); sis/o Charlotte Philomene Chauvin Delery

Desillet (above); dispensation dtd 24 May 1803 NO

     c. 9 children, incl:

<2>1) Marie Celestine Rosina Volant de la Barre

     b. 1815, OFLA

     d. 1845, OFLA

     m. <1> Pierre Ladislas Guermeur Huchet de Kernion

     c. 6 children, three survived: Marie Celestine de Kernion m. Charles le Breton;

Charlotte Emilie de Kernion, unmarried; & Marie Rosina de Kernion m. Charles le

Breton after her sister died

     m. <2> Jean Baptiste Francois le Breton; wdr/o Marie Marthe Melicerte de la Barre

(above); s/o Barthelemy Francois le Breton & Jeanne Marguerite de Bore

C. Charlotte Constance Pascalis Volant de la Barre

     b. 5 Jul 1763, NO, NO SAC

     bt. 28 Jul 1763, NO, NO SAC; s. Valentin Devin, infantry lieutenant, and Constance

Volant, spouse le Marquis

     d. By 1770

D. Marie Charlotte Pascalis Volant de la Barre

     b. 14 Feb 1766

     bt. 23 Sep 1769, NO

     d. 21 Dec 1825, NO, ESD, bu. St. Louis Cem. #1, NO

     m. 30 Dec 1784, NO, NO SAC; Pierre Antoine Bienvenu II, b. 2 Oct 1761 ST BER; d. 25

Oct 1841 ST BER; s/o Antoine Bienvenu I & Marie Martha Devince, the d/o

Alexandre Devince & Marie Marthe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C)

     c. 11 children (Bienvenu Geneo)

E. Jean Baptiste Pascalis Volant de la Barre

     m. 12 Feb 1813, NO, NO SAC: Charlotte Philomene Delery Desillet, b. 16/26 Jan 1782

NO; d/o Francois Chauvin Desillet I & Marie Marthe Victorie Bienvenu (above); sis/o

Rosina Chauvin Delery Desillet (above)

F. Rosalie Charlotte Pascalis Volant de la Barre

     b. @ 1767, NO

     d. Maybe 22 Oct 1787, NO or OPEL, age 20, NO SAC

     m. <1> Francois Bossier

     m. <2> 15 Apr 1782 or 8 May 1783, OPEL, SWLAR; Louis du Tisne II, b. 26 Apr 1733

KAS, d. 29 Dec 1789; s/o Louis du Tisne I & <1> Therese Nepveu (Chapter 6-C);

gs/o of Jacques Nepveu & Michelle Chauvin (Chapter 5-C)

G. Marie Marthe Pascalis Volant de la Barre

     b. 1 Apr 1768

     bt. 23 Sep 1769, NO

     d. 19 Mar 1813

     m. 14 Jun 1785, NO, Louisiana Marriages, by Forsyth; Francois Lamolere D’Orville, b. 22

Mar 1756; s/o Joseph Lamolere D’Orville & Maria de Bellisle

2. Marie Catherine Volant

     d. 22 Aug 1762

     m. MCD dtd 17 Apr 1762, NO; J.B. Thibault de Guertlin (Guerin?)

3. Marie Martha Constance Volant

     bt. 7 Apr 1747, NO; s. Alexes Diederich, Captain of Swiss Company, & Marie Devince

     d. Before 1780

     m. <1> 7 Jan 1762, MCD dtd 4 Jan 1762 NO, LHQ & LSM; Pierre Marquis, b. 1725, d. 25 Oct

1769 NO, executed by Spanish following Revolt of 1769; s/o Adolphe Marquis & Marie

Louise Rognor of Switzerland (Info from DLAB)

     m. <2> 19 Mar 1772, NO; Vincent Charles de Morand I, b. 16 Feb 1751 NO or 15 Oct 1752

NO; s/o Charles de Morand I & Marie Rene de la Chaise; bro/o Felicite de Morand

who m. Josef Bernard D’Hauterive de Valliere (Chapters 4 & 4-A); Vincent m. <2> 1

Aug 1780 NO, NO SAC, Marguerite Francoise Chauvin Delery Desillet, wd/o Jean Balthasar

Esnould de Livaudais & d/o Antoine Chauvin Delery Desillet & Charlotte Faucon du Manoir,

the gd/o Joseph Chauvin Delery I & <1> Hypolite Mercier (Chapter 5-B)

     c.  One child

A. Charlotte Constance de Morand

     b. @1775

     bu. 31 Oct 1809, NO, NO SAC

     m. <1> 7 May 1792, NO, NO SAC; Juan M. Landier of Bretagne, FR; s/o Mathurino

Landier & Juana Emelia Dupont; Juan Landier was a widower – his daughter, Emilie

Landier, married Charles Fierville Bienvenu, the s/o Antoine Bienvenu II & Charlotte

Volant de la Barre & bro/o Antoine Bienvenu III & Louis Marcelle Bienvenu (above) &

Francois Melincourt Bienvenu (below)

     m. <2> 14 Feb 1804, NO, NO SAC; Martin Maligore Guichard; a FR refugee from Santo Domingo; s/o Juan Antonio Guichard & Maria Gros

     c. 3 known children, incl:

1) Josephine Guichard

     b. 1804

     m. @1820, Francois Melincourt Bienvenu, b. @1788; s/o Antoine Bienvenu II &

Charlotte Volant de la Barre (Chapter 3-A); gs/o Jean Gregoire Volant & Marie

Marthe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C)

CHAPTER 3-B

MARIE LOUISE CELESTE ST. MARK DARBY

WIFE OF JOSEPH ANTOINE DAUTERIVE DUBUCLET, the

son of Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet

Daughter of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I and Louise Francoise Pellerin

and

MARIE MARTHE CELESTINE ST. MARC DARBY

WIFE OF ANTOINE BERNARD (J.B.) DAUTERIVE, the

grandson of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive

Daughter of Etienne Ursin St. Marc Darby and Louise Erasie (Aspasie) Fuselier de St. Clair

Granddaughter of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I and Louise Francoise Pellerin

MARIE LOUISE CELESTE ST. MARK DARBY was born in 1785 in St. Martinville.  In 1809 she married JOSEPH ANTOINE DAUTERIVE DUBUCLET, the son of Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet and Marie Mathilde Bienvenu.  They had no children.  Joseph and Marie Celeste Dubuclet were the sponsors for her niece, Celima St. Marc Darby, at her baptism in 1808.

Joseph Antoine Dubuclet was the Tutor for his wife’s niece, Marie Marthe Celestine St. Marc Darby, the daughter of Etienne Ursin Charles St. Marc Darby and Louise Erasie Fuselier de St. Clair dit Aspasie, when Celestine’s mother died in 1813.  Celestine St. Marc Darby later married Antoine Bernard (Jean Baptiste) Dauterive, the son of Joseph Bernard Antoine Dauterive and the grandson of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

From They Tasted Bayou Water, by Maurine Bergerie: “Marie Celeste Darby Dubuclet owned and occupied the home (built by Dr. Leonard J. Smith on former Francoise Darby/St. Marc Darby land) until Dec. 1866 when the house was sold.”

In New Iberia, Essays on the Town and Its People, compiled by Glenn R. Conrad:  “In January 1852, the Smith mansion and plantation (formerly Louis Charles de Blanc’s plantation) were sold.  The house was bought by Marie Celeste Darby, the widow of Joseph Dauterive Dubuclet, who converted the place into a hotel….Mrs. Dubuclet continued to own the old mansion throughout the Civil War.  On Dec. 2, 1866, it was sold.”

Joseph Dubuclet died in New Iberia in 1838 and was buried there at St. Peter’s Church Cemetery.  When his Succession was opened in 1838, his widow, Marie Celeste Dubuclet, stated that there were no direct heirs to his estate – no parents, brothers, sisters, or children.  Therefore, after allowing for the widow’s community property, the estate went to a cousin, Antoine Bienvenu.  An inventory was made; debts amounting to 2,667,050 piastres were paid; and the estate’s total value, which included at least seventy-two slaves, was 11,368,880 piastres.

In Records of Attakapas District, Louisiana, St. Martin Parish 1808-1860, Vol. 3, compiled by Mary Elizabeth Sanders, we find the following: “Marie Celeste Darby, widow of Joseph Dubuclet; SUCC dtd Jun 1832 SM #695 {file empty}; dated March 15, 1839 SM #880 {file empty}; and one dated August 12, 1841 SM #933 (file contains a document in French marked as her Last Will and Testament dated June 16, 1845, signed Dubuclet nee Darby).”  Another Will, also signed Dubuclet nee Darby, was dated June 16, 1841 in St. Martinville.

On July 13, 1811, Dauterive Dubuclet had witnessed the will of Louis Grevemberg and verified his signature.  Other witnesses were Francois and Antoine Boutte and Jean Darby.

Marie Celeste may have been the widow named Marie Celeste Darby on the 1840 Census living in New Orleans.  On the 1850 Census, Celeste had $30,000 worth of real estate and was sharing her home with Momartel Bienvenu, age twenty-eight, a cooper.  She may have been the Celeste Darby who died in New Orleans on May 24, 1874.

SIR JONATHAS (JONATHAN) DARBY II, the grandfather of Marie Louise Celeste Darby Dubuclet and the great-grandfather of Marie Marthe Celestine Darby Dauterive, “was listed on Le Saint Louis coming to Louisiana from France as a member of the Concession of Sieur Bernard Contillion, sailing from France, March 21, 1719.  He is listed as a clerk.  He was, as far as we know, the first Darby to come to the Province.  Though he came from France, and spoke French, he was English by birth, the son of Jonathan Darby I, Doctor of Theology at the University of Oxford, and Anne Segre, of Livingston, England.”

On December 12, 1727 Jonathan Darby II bought a plantation on the Mississippi River, three leagues above New Orleans.  By 1736, Sr. Jonathan Darby II had acquired extensive holdings along the Mississippi River both above and below New Orleans.  Later the Darbys had property on Royal Street in the city of New Orleans.  The above information is from The Fortier Family, by Estelle Cochran.

From Darby, A House and Family on Spanish Lake, by Brian J. Costello: “Jonathas Darby II also served as a trustee of St. Louis Church Parish in New Orleans….and as an officer in the local militia.”

According to the “Records of the Superior Council” in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly, Vol. IX, in 1737 Jonathan Darby II signed a contract of marriage with MARIE CORBIN BACHEMIN, the daughter of Jean Marie Corbin Bachemin and Anne Marie Judith Le Hardy in New Orleans.  Jean Marie Corbin Bachemin was a concessionaire {or merchant} on the St. Louis River.

Jonathan Darby II died about 1775 and it seems that the family moved to the Attakapas Region about this time.  Marie Corbin Bachemin Darby received a large Spanish land grant in St. Mary Parish on the east bank of the Bayou Teche and a home was built on Darby Lane facing Spanish Lake near present-day New Iberia.

Marie Corbin Bachemin Darby, who was born in 1716 in Brittany, France, died in New Iberia in 1806.  In her Will, which was signed on April 25, 1805, Marie lists her children as: “Jeanne Darby, widow of the Sieur Jean de Lavillebeuvre, Lieutenant Colonel in the service of His Catholic Majesty; Pierre Darby, deceased without issue; Louis Darby Danicant; and Jean-Baptiste St. Marc Darby, deceased, leaving four children as follows: Jean, Celeste, St. Marc, and Ursin Darby….She further declared that her properties consist of a cattle ranch at the Attakapas, and a negro named Jean, age about sixty years, and thirty arpents of land on each side of the Bayou Teche at the Attakapas….She further declared having another cattle ranch and additional lands situated at the Attakapas Post, as well as a negro named Henry, age about fifty years, having acquired this estate from her brother, Pierre Darby, as a privileged heir by law homologated by the Superior Council of this city with the understanding that the negro named Henry was to be set free after her death, following the wishes expressed in the testament of the said Pierre Darby, drawn up in the office of this notary in the year eighteen thousand and three….She further declared, that because of the condition of her son, Louis Darby Danicant, which makes him incapable of looking after his affairs because of the weakness of his organs and his mind (he had become violently insane), her Testamentary Executor (Sieur Edouard Forstall) shall leave to her daughter, Jeanne Darby, widow de Lavillebeuvre, his portion of his inheritance to be administered as long as it shall please the Almighty to have him live; and, should he get well, she is to render a full account of his share.”

Jonathan Darby II and Marie Corbin Bachemin had eight children:

1. MARIE JOSEPHE DARBY was born in 1738.  She was married in 1765 in New Orleans to Joseph Thomas de Lachoue.

From Louisiana Marriage Contracts, Vol. II, by Alice Daly Forsyth, her marriage contract stipulated the following: “Dowry of Mademoiselle Darby given by her parents and which consists of land measuring 2 arpents front by the depth running back to Lake Pontchartrain, adjoining on one side, land of Mr. Darby….situated on the edge of town, on the same side descending the river; one lot of ground in New Orleans on Royal Street.  The future wife owns effects valued at 1,500 pounds, fruits of her savings.  Dowry given future wife by future husband consists of usufruct of 4,000 pounds.”

She signed as witness to her sister, Jeanne’s, wedding in 1764.  Marie Josephe was not mentioned in her mother’s Will of 1805.

2. JEANNE DARBY was born in 1740 and married in 1764 in New Orleans to JEAN LOUIS FIDEL FERAULT, SIEUR DE LA VILLEBEUVRE, Chevalier de Gavios, of Brittany, France, a native of the Parish of Toussaint in the Diocese of Reine, France.  Jean Louis was the son of Baron Louis Francois de la Villebeuvre and Dame Jeanne de Beaumont and a nephew of the Governor of Louisiana, Baron de Kerlerec.

Their marriage contract was signed on April 23, 1764.  From Louisiana Marriage Contracts, Vol. II, by Alice Daly Forsyth: “The dowry of the future bride consists of four slaves, two cows and two calves, estimated at 3,700 livres, a portion of ground measuring two arpents front on the river, by a depth extending to Lake Pontchartrain which shall not fall into the community.  The slaves and cattle shall fall into the community (two-thirds), the remaining one-third to be reserved for any children born of this marriage.  The future groom grants a dower of 2,000 livres to the future bride, the principal to revert to any children born of this marriage.”   

In about 1754 Jean Louis came to Louisiana to join his Uncle and was commissioned an Ensign in the Louisiana Infantry.  He later became a Captain in the army when New Orleans was under Spanish Rule – this information is from Creole Families of New Orleans, by Grace King.  From Old Families of Louisiana, by Stanley Clisby Arthur: Jean Louis “served as a colonial officer in the province, distinguished himself as a captain and Indian Commissioner, and was recommended by Governor Miro for a commission of lieutenant-colonel, the governor asserting that this promotion was due him for penetrating one hundred and twenty-eight leagues into the wilderness on an important expedition that was fraught with grave peril.  History relates that in 1788 Captain Don Juan de La Villebeuvre accomplished his purpose admirably, as at an assembly of the Choctaw tribe, he secured from them their promise that they would no longer receive the Americans in their territory but would ever remain faithful subjects of Spain.”

From the Attakapas Gazette, Vol. XXVIII, 1994: Delavillebeuvre (his signature), serving as Attakapas commandant (@1795), had commanded the small Spanish force that accepted the surrender for Galvez of British Ft. Panmure at Natchez in 1779….His death occurred at New Orleans in 1797 at the age of fifty-three.”

Jeanne Darby and Jean Louis de la Villebeuvre had two children:

A. Celeste de la Villebuevre who married Edouard Pierre Charles Forstall, son of Edouard Forstall and Pelagie de la Chaise who was a niece of Marie Rene de la Chaise.

B. Jean Ursin de la Villebeuvre, was born in 1778, married Eulalie Trepangier in New Orleans.  He was an “officer of the Spanish Army, and in 1815 participated in the Battle of New Orleans as an American Officer”, according to Old Families of Louisiana, by Stanley Clisby Arthur.

3. PIERRE JONATHAN DARBY was born and baptized in 1748.  He is mentioned in his mother’s Will of 1805 as “deceased without issue” and his Succession was dated July 29, 1807.

From Mammon and Manon in Early New Orleans, by Thomas N. Ingersoll: “In 1805, Marie Corbin Bachemin Darby, widow of Jonathas Darby, found herself in a very difficult position.  They had had several children, of whom only three were still living….Pierre had died in 1803, leaving a will that donated everything he owned to….his three boys and three girls by his concubine Nanette, a Negress (who apparently was deceased)….Marie fought it tooth and nail.  She got a ruling from Pierre Derbigny in the new Court of Common Pleas in June 1804, annulling the will…. Marie wanted the estate to go to the ascendant forced heir, namely to her….The black Darbys took the case into Superior Court, however, and in 1806 they finally vanquished Marie” and gained their inheritance.

4. JEAN BAPTISTE ST. MARC DARBY I was born in 1749.  He was married about 1776 to LOUISE FRANCOISE PELLERIN, the daughter of Louis Gerard Pellerin and Francoise Alexandra Vielle and the stepdaughter of Marie Martha Hubert de Bellair, the granddaughter of Barbe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C).

From The Fortier Family, by Estelle Cochran: “Jean Baptiste Darby was a resident of that part of the Attakapas which is now the city of New Iberia.  He fought in the American Revolution under General Galvez, and was Lt. Commander of the New Iberia Company….His sons are all named in the roster of soldiers and officers in the War of 1812….two in Captain Dubuclet’s Troop Hussars, Louisiana Volunteers.”

From They Tasted Bayou Water, by Maurine Bergerie: “Another of the early grantees under the Spanish government was Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby.  The original D’Arby immigrant to Louisiana was Jonathan D’Arby, an Englishman, who sailed for Louisiana from La Palice, France, in 1729, and was married in New Orleans in 1737.  The D’Arby family lands were east, southeast of Spanish Lake.  St. Martin records prove that the family was here in 1777, if not before…Many of the signatures for this family on early documents are signed ‘D’Arby de St. Marc’.”

From Gabriel Fusilier de la Claire and Allied Families, by Emma Philastre: “Louis Gerard Pellerin I {the grandfather of Louise Francoise Pellerin} was the storekeeper for the Company of the Indies in Louisiana and an officer of the detached troop of marines….Louis had married Francoise de Ruellan de Membrede, and two children had been born of this marriage; Marie Helene Francoise Pellerin, who married Barthelemi Daniel de Macarty, and Louis Gerard Pellerin II, who married Francoise Alexandra Viel, daughter of Dr. Bernard Alexandre Vielle and his second wife, Marie Anne Trepagnier….Francoise Viel Pellerin died within a year after her marriage, probably at the birth of her daughter, Louise Francoise Pellerin….

Louis was one of the officers of the well-established fort and military garrison erected at the site of the old Indian village of the Opelousas tribe.  He was granted a concession of 126 acres to establish a settlement there on 9 July 1764 and it is believed to have been the beginning of the town of Opelousas.  It is there that Louis Gerard Pellerin II lived with his second wife and his four children….(His daughter, Louise Francoise Pellerin) was married in 1776 to Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby, son of Jonathan Darby and Marie Corbin Bachemin.  He was Commandant of the Post of the Attakapas.”

Louis Gerard Bernard Pellerin had married as his second wife Marguerite Hubert de Bellair, the daughter of Jacques Bellair and Catherine Nepveu (Chapter 5-C).  Their marriage contract was signed on July 21, 1759.  From Louisiana Marriage Contracts, Vol. II, by Alice Daly Forsyth, stipulating for the groom were: “Bathelemy, the Chevalier Macarty, Captain of the Troops of this Colony, his brother-in law, and Mr. Trudeau, Officer of the named Troops, his friend.”  Stipulating for the bride were “Mr. Roy Villere, her uterine brother, and Mr. Antoine Chauvin Desilest, Officer of the Militia and a merchant in this Colony, her friend….The future bride agrees to raise the daughter of Gerard Pellerin, by his first marriage with Dame Francoise Alexandre Vielle, now deceased, in the Catholic religion, until she marries or becomes of the age of majority, the daughter being Francoise Pellerin, a minor.”

This daughter became the wife of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I.  One of the daughters of Louis Pellerin and his second wife was Louise Charlotte Pellerin.  She married Louis Pelletier de la Houssaye who bought the Darby Plantation in November 13, 1813 from the estate of Francoise Pellerin, the widow of Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I.  In 1818 the de la Houssaye heirs sold the plantation to Barthelemy Octave de la Houssaye.  This information is from the Attakapas Gazette, Vol. XXVII.

Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I died in 1795.  When Francoise Pellerin Darby died in St. Martinville in 1812, the executors of her estate were Clair Dauterive Dubuclet, Louis Delahoussaye and Louis DeBlanc.  Her Inventory listed her heirs as: Jean Baptiste, Marie Marthe Celeste, Francois Bartholemy and Etienne Ursin Darby.  Francoise’s estate property was “two leagues below the church” and included “the sugar mill, main house, kitchen and barns”.  It was adjacent to the land of Clair Dauterive Dubuclet on the east side of the Bayou Teche, according to Land Records of the Attakapas District, by Glenn R. Conrad.

Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I and Louise Francoise Pellerin had five children:

A. Louise St. Marc Darby was born in 1781, married Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair and died sometime before 1805.  She was not mentioned in her mother’s Will.  Benoit was the son of Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair and Christina Berard; the brother of both Louise Erasie and Christine Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair; and the uncle of Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair (below).

B. Jean Baptiste Louis St. Marc Darby II was born in 1783 in the Attakapas District.  He served under Captain Dubuclet in the War of 1812.  Jean Baptiste married Marie Elizabeth Aspasie de Blanc of Natchitoches, daughter of Louis Charles de Blanc and Elizabeth Pouponne D’Erneville, and sister of Marie Josephe Constance de Blanc (below).

When their only surviving child, Marie Francoise Elizabeth Celima St. Marc Darby, was baptized in 1808, her sponsors were Antoine Joseph Dubuclet and his wife, Marie Marthe Celeste Darby.  Celima was married in 1825 to Eugene Fortier II, the son of Eugene Fortier I and Catherine Hyacinthe Massicot, and Jean Baptiste Dubuclet was one of their witnesses.

C. Marie Marthe Louise Celeste St. Marc Darby married Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet, the son of Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet and Marie Mathilde Bienvenu.

D. Francois Bartholemy St. Marc Darby was born in 1788.  He was married in 1807 to Marie Josephe Constance de Blanc, the daughter of Louis Charles de Blanc and Elizabeth Pouponne D’Erneville and the sister of Marie Elizabeth Aspasie de Blanc (above).

From Darby, by Brian J. Costello: “The list of witnesses to the marriage….{included} Clair Dubuclet Dauterive, Louis le Pelletier de la Houssaye, Francois Cesaire Boutte, Emmanuel D’Apremont, Charles Oliver de Vezin, Francois Pellerin, Jean Darby, and Etienne Viel….

On November 19, 1813, Louis Charles de Blanc de St. Denis sold to his son-in-law Francois Bartholemy St. Marc Darby the property on which the great Darby house would be built, a tract located just southwest of that which had been the plantation of Darby’s parents.  The de Blanc property, bounded on the southeast by Bayou Teche and on the north by Lake Tasse, ran for 26 arpents from the bayou to the hill called the Coteau, thence from the Coteau a further distance of 18 ½ arpents into ‘the prairie’.  The purchase price was $5,000 and the record of the sale is located in the St. Martin Parish Conveyances, 28:32….The mansion built for the Darby family stood as one of the most intriguing landmarks of South Louisiana for approximately 150 years.”

From the Baton Rouge Sunday Advocate of August 26, 1979: “Here amidst the simplicity of grandeur, Francois and his wife raised a large family, their sons and daughters being educated abroad before taking their prominent places in the lively circles of Darby social life….And Darby House reflected the joys and love, the very lives of those happy people who lived within its safe and sturdy walls.”

Francois Bartholemy and Constance Darby had four children: Etienne Louis St. Marc Darby who died young; Louis Francois St. Marc {S.M.} Darby who married Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair {the niece of Benoit, Louise Erasie, and Christine Sylvania de St. Clair} and inherited the Darby Plantation; Marie Lodiska St. Marc Darby who married Dr. Leonard James Smith, bought the David Weeks Plantation and built Alma House; and Francois Optal St. Marc Darby who married Marie Julie Azema Beauvais and owned Charenton Plantation and Rosebud Plantation in Baldwin, Louisiana.  On the 1860 Census he is listed with fifty-six slaves on his plantation.  Francois Optal was a Captain in the Confederate Cavalry and his plantation was hard hit by Civil War.  He sold the house and the 1700 acre plantation at a sheriff sale in 1867.

From They Tasted Bayou Water, by Maurine Bergerie: “In 1813, a beautiful home was built for Francois St. Marc Darby.  In 1845 the home was acquired by Louis St. Marc (S.M.) Darby (Francois’ son) and in 1897 it was owned by Octave Darby {the son of S.M. Darby}.  The structure, of Louisiana colonial style, was built on a hill facing Spanish Lake on the road now called Darby Lane.  At present (1962) it is greatly deteriorated….{but} when the place was built, and for years after, it was an impressive home….Although the Darby family was prosperous, keeping a home in Paris, and one in New Orleans, as well as in the Attakapas District, unfortunate circumstances later brought a change in the manner of living.”

Francois Bartholemy’s Succession was dated January 1, 1840 in St. Martinville.  From Darby, by Brian J. Costello: “Totaling an impressisve $194,512, the estate of the deceased included plantations in St. Martin and St. Mary Parishes, slaves, animals and equipment, plus city lots in New Iberia and bank stock in New Orleans….The Succession sales of the estate continued for 12 years after his death….When the accounting of the estate was completed, the decedent’s surviving children were put into the possession of $8,003.10 each.”

From Old Louisiana Plantation Homes, by Herman Seebold: “The history of Darby (on the Teche near New Iberia) is interesting, having been built by an Englishman of patrician birth for his beautiful bride, a French lady of noble ancestry, bearing the attractive name of Felicite de St. Aman {according to Saint Martinville Church Records he married Constance de Blanc}.  Francois St. Marc Darby had obtained a Spanish grant on the Teche, where he had his slaves lay out his plantation and aid in the building of his home.  As years passed, he became wealthy and his family increased.  Like many Louisiana planters of French extraction, once having accumulated wealth, instead of lavishing it on his home as others were doing, he maintained a home in Paris and another in New Orleans, where his family visited yearly.  Their children were educated in Paris, and during the social season the family spent much time in New Orleans.

What happened to the St. Mark Darby family as a result of the Civil War has been repeated in innumerable cases in the South.  Proud and temperamental, the family withdrew to themselves when their former friends, unable to continue as planters, abandoned their plantations….It is a pathetic story of the last three surviving members, growing poorer and poorer as they aged, and becoming suspicious of each other until death claimed the sister and a brother, leaving the last of the line, Francois (Octave) Darby, who clung to the old house until it became a total wreck, there being no means to pay for repairs.”  This story is disputed by the records of sale in the following articles.

From “Virginians in the Teche Country”, by Gertrude C. Taylor in the Attakapas Gazette: “The history begins with three Spanish land grants on Bayou Teche, about two leagues below the church in St. Martinville, at a place sometimes called Isle Pirerd and sometimes described as being in the area of False Point (Fausse Pointe).  In later years it became known as Anse St. Marc.  These Spanish land grants had been awarded to Augustin Grevenberg, Jean-Baptiste Grevenberg, and Jean-Baptiste Cavalier, a soldier from New Orleans and an absentee landowner.  In 1780, Jean-Baptiste St. Marc Darby I bought the three tracts to add to his already existing and yet uncultivated plantation, a land grant which he received in 1776.  The distinguishing feature of this purchase of 1780, as it later went from one owner to another, was its consistent description: 27 arpents front by 40 arpents deep on the right or west bank of the Teche and 39 arpents front by the depth allowed in the survey on the left or east bank.  The location of this plantation was economically important because it occupied a position on the bayou where portage was made between the two points of its oxbow; thus, the traveler could avoid the distance around the Fausse Pointe area.  The small settlement known as St. Maure had sprung up at the point of portage….

In 1780, Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I, then married to Francoise Pellerin, bought part of the property from Jean-Baptiste Grevenberg as shown in the St. Martin Parish Conveyance Bk. 1, No. 310.  This sale, dated Aug. 3, 1780, was made for 10 arpents front on each bank of the Teche with ordinary depth, complete with titles, for 400 piastres.  No records on the sale of the other two tracts are available.  In her papers filed for certification of titles to the three tracts of land, Francoise Pellerin Darby states that the land was purchased from the three land grantees.  Her claims must have been valid, since they were certified at A-1.

Jean Baptiste Darby I probably did not come to live in the Attakapas until he received his commission as Commandant of New Iberia in September 1787.  Through marriages of his sons and daughter, the family became allied with other prominent families in the Attakapas, namely Dauterive, Declouet, Dubuclet, and Deblanc.  Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I died in 1795 at age fifty.  His wife, Francoise Pellerin, died in 1812.

After her husband’s death, Francoise Pellerin Darby, with her sons, continued operation of the plantation.  In her Will she requested that the plantation and slaves be divided among her children.  However, in June 1811, she made a donation of land and slaves to each of her three sons.  In the settlement of her estate a year after her death, the plantation at Isle Pirerd was offered for sale at auction….For reasons unknown, this sale did not take place, and the property remained in the estate to be settled among the heirs.  Some three years later, Bartholeme Octave Delahoussaye, a cousin of the Darby heirs, bought the property with all improvements in two separate sales, for a total of $1,000.  Delahoussaye occupied the place until 1826, when he sold it, identified by its distinctive measurements and with slaves and all improvements, to Joseph Dubuclet and Clair Benoit de St. Clair.”

A footnote reads: “The sale was made on December 18, 1826.  Dubuclet’s wife was Marie Marthe Darby; Benoit St. Clair’s wife was a sister of Balthazar Neuville Declouet.  The sale price was $60,000….Joseph Dubuclet and Benoit de St. Clair sold to Dr. Joseph Dudley of Chesterfield County, Virginia, the property, bearing the usual description, with all improvements including a sawmill, a sugarmill and a distillery, and 20 slaves for $65,000….In the document of retrocession, Joseph Dubuclet and Clair Benoit St. Clair recognized Dudley’s inability to meet payment and allowed him to remain on the property until the end of 1830.  Nothing is heard of Dr. Joseph Dudley thereafter.

In the next seven years before it was sold to Joseph Peebles, the property came into the complete ownership of Neuville Declouet, apparently an ailing man, having made his Will August 24, 1834, and the declining prosperity of the mid-30’s could have added to his eagerness to settle his affairs….

Peebles bought, on April l, 1836, the well-developed and much-desired Darby Plantation in St. Martin Parish, a place of historic as well as economic importance.”

Again in a footnote: “This sale was from Neuville Declouet, acting for himself, for Joseph Dubuclet, and for his sister, the widow of Clair Benoit de St. Clair (in early St. Martin Parish Conveyance Bk. 9, 490).  The plantation is described as being in two tracts: 1st, 27 arpents front on the right bank of Bayou Teche by 40 arpents depth, bounded above by the lands of A. Dumartrait and below by Bernard Dauterive, together with all improvements; 2nd, a tract located in the same place, having a front of 39 arpents front on the left bank of the bayou, by a depth according to survey, bounded above by Brasil Judice, below by Joseph Dubuclet.  The sale was for $15,000.”

From They Tasted Bayou Water, by Maurine Bergerie: “In spite of surviving the {Civil} war, the Darby plantation began to deteriorate when the family grew smaller as sons (of S.M. Darby) left to marry (sic; none married that I know of!).  A mammoth boll weevil epidemic spread like wildfire through the Teche Country and the Darbys were hard hit and lost almost everything they had.”

From Darby, by Brian J. Costello: “Coralie Fuselier Darby {widow of S.M. Darby} conveyed various portions of the Darby plantation….During the 1890’s she transferred two portions of the plantation to her son Octave (including the Darby House)….(following the death of his mother, Coralie Fuselier Darby in 1905) Octave Darby testified that he had been the manager of his mother’s property and affairs since the death of his father, S.M. Darby in 1876….Octave lived in the Darby House alone for many years, as it fell into ruin, until his death in 1919….Through his will dated March 24, 1917 {#2228 NI}, Octave Darby left his entire estate to his sole remaining brother, Gabriel Darby….The Succession revealed an inventory valued at an impressive $61,621.21, some $45,800 of which represented the real estate of the deceased.  The immovable property included eight separate tracts, by which Octave had reconsolidated much of the old plantation….

Gabriel, who died in 1937, lived alone in the house for many years, cooking his meals in an open grate, and sleeping in an antique four-poster on a pile of hay.  Heavily bearded, gimlet-eyed, and suspicious, he would have no truck with the outside world….

When the succession of the late Gabriel Alexandre Darby was probated, those with preconceived notions that he had died a poor man were surely startled, as the inventory of his estate totaled $21,525, not a mean sum for rural Louisiana in the financially distressed 1930s….Gabriel was of the Old South and he was one of its gentlemen.”  The Darby House was destroyed by fire in 1979.

From “History of Acadiana” in The Lafayette Daily Advertiser, March 28, 2000: “Darby House was placed on the National Register of Historic Places but burned before it could be restored.  It was one of the oldest homes in Iberia Parish and was placed on the National Register in March 1973. “

E. Etienne Ursin Charles St. Marc Darby was born in 1789.  In 1811 he married <1> Louise Erasie Fuselier de St. Clair, the daughter of Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair I and Christina Berard.  Louise Erasie was the sister of Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair (above) and Christine Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair (below) and the aunt of Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair (above).

In Ursin and Louise Erasie Darby’s marriage contract, dated May 27, 1810, Ursin “brought to the marriage as his personal property a tract of land measuring 12 by 21 arpents, located on Bayou Teche, bounded on one side by his mother’s land and on the other side by the lands of Dubuclet.  This tract was appraised at $3000.”  He also brought three slaves worth $1600 which he inherited from his father.  The future bride brought to the marriage as her prsonal property four slaves appraised at $2,225.  She also brought “30 head of cattle, appraised at $210; two mares and their foals, appraised at $55; an armoire, appraised at $60.  Witnesses were Dominique Prevost, Louis Delahoussaye, Alexis Ferry, and Devince Bienvenu.” – from Land Records of The Attakapas District, by Glenn R. Conrad.  Other witnesses were E. Dapremont, Fuselier, Declouet and Etienne Viel.

Ursin St. Marc Darby and Marie Erasie de la Clair had two children:

1) Marie Louise Francoise St. Marc Darby was born in 1812.

2) Marie Marthe Celestine St. Marc Darby was born in 1813.  Her mother died soon after and Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet was appointed as Celestine’s Tutor.

She was married in 1828 in St. Martinville to Antoine Bernard (Jean Baptiste) Dauterive.  He was the son of Bernard Antoine Dauterive and Pauline Latil, the godson of Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet, and the grandson of Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive.

Following the death of <1> Erasie Fuselier in 1813, Ursin was married in 1817 to <2> Hyacinte Prevost, the daughter of Francois Prevost and Madeleine Borel.

5. ANNE MARIE JOSEPHE DARBY was baptized in New Orleans in 1750.  Anne Marie was not mentioned in her mother’s Will of 1805.

6. NICHOLAS SEGRE DARBY was born in 1752 and he died in 1773 in New Orleans.

7. LOUIS DANICAN DARBY was born about 1755.  In 1781 he married his cousin, JEANNE MARIE JOSEPHE DE SALLES, the daughter of Louis Pierre Biloir, Sieur de la Salle, and Marie Raquet, and the granddaughter of Jean Marie Corbin Bachemin and Judith Le Hardy.  According to Darby, A House and Family on Spanish Lake, by Brian J. Costello: “They had at least one child, likewise named Louis Danican Darby, who was born in 1783.”

As stated in his mother’s Will, Louis Danican’s legacy was to be handled by his sister, Jeanne, because “he is retarded and not well”.

8. SARA DARBY was born in 1760 and is not mentioned in her mother’s Will of 1805.

SIR JOHN DARBY

d. 1696

c. 4 children: Richard, Mary, Sara Darby, &

SR. JONATHAS DARBY IDr. of Theology of Oxford U., England

  d. 1726

  m. 1681; Anne Segar/Segre of Livingstone, England, d. 1723 East Dean, East Sussex, England; d/o

Simon Segar

  c. 5 children, including: Serge (Segar), Jean (John), Richard, Anne Darby &

I. SR. JONATHAS DARBY II of Leninsong, England – came from La Rochelle, FR, aboard St. Louis on 21

Mar 1719 with Contillon Concession in LA

    b. In England

    d. 1775, LA

    m. MCD dtd 18 Feb 1737 NO, OFLA or 1738 in Darby, by Costello; Marie Corbin Bachemin, b. 1716 native of Brittany, FR, d. 12 Apr 1806 NI; Will dtd 25 Apr 1805 in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary; d/o Jean Marie Corbin Bachemin & Anne Marie Judith le Hardy

    c. 8 known children

1. Marie Josephe Darby

     b. 27 Feb 1738

     d. Not in mother’s Will of 1805

     m. 16 Apr 1765, NO, NO SAC, MCD dtd 10 Apr 1765 in files of J. Garic, NO Notary; Joseph

Thomas de Lachoue, b. @1733 Bretagne, St. Malo, FR; s/o Julien de Lachoue & Louise Poulin

2. Jeanne Darby

     b. 9 Feb 1740

     m. 30 Apr 1764 at Darby Plantation below NO, MCD dtd 23 Apr 1764 in files of J. Garic, NO Notary; Jean Louis Fidel Farault, Sieur de la Villebeuvre, b. 1721/31 in Brittany, FR, d. 1797 MOB; s/o Louis Francois de la Villebeuvre, Seigneur de Garais, & Jeanne de Beaucour (Beaumont); nephew/o Gov. Kerlerec

     c. 2 children, incl:

A. Celeste de la Villebeuvre

     b. 30 Jul 1774, NO

     d. 31 Oct 1819, NO

     m. 27 Apr 1791, SM, SWLAR; Edouard Pierre Charles Forstall, b. 14 Aug 1768; s/o Nicolas Michel Edmond Forstall & Pelagie de la Chaise, a niece/o Rene de la Chaise (Chapter 4-B)

3. Pierre Jonathan Darby

     b. 3 Feb 1748, NO

     bt. 4 Feb 1748, NO, NO SAC; s. Major Pierre Voisin & Marie le Hardy, widow Bachemin

     d. Will dtd 18 Jun 1803 in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary, 5:291, SUCC dtd 29 Jul 1807

SM #8, SWLAR

     m. Had liason with Annette St. Marc, a free colored Creole woman

     c. Mother’s Will of 1805 says he is “deceased without issue” but he had 5 children: Adelaide,

Celeste, Charles, Felicite & Pierre Darby

4. Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I

     b. 25 Mar 1749, NO

     bt. 5 Apr 1749, NO, NO SAC; s. Jean Baptiste Bancio Piedmont, broker in this city, & Helene

Barbin

     d. 14 Jul 1795, SM, SWLAR, Will dtd 23 May 1776 in files of Andres Almonester y Roxas, NO Notary, 76:400, part of Estate 1811; Testament of wife in 1795 in SMOA 16/104

m. @1776, MCD in ASP II 827/2; Louise Josephe Francoise Pellerin, b. 20 Jan 1757, bt. 13 Feb 1757 NO, NO SAC, d. 3/12 Jun 1812 SM, her Will dtd 5 Dec 1810, Inventory dtd 17 Jun 1812 SM #114; d/o Louis Gerard Pellerin II & <1> Francoise Alexandra Vielle & stepd/o <2> Marie Marthe Hubert de Bellair, the gd/o of Barbe Chauvin (Chapter 5-C)

     c. 5 children

A. Louise St. Marc Darby

      b. 1781

      d. Not in grandmother’s Will of 1805

      m. Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair; s/o Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair I & Christina Berard;

bro/o Louise Erasie & Christina Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair & uncle/o Carmelite

Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair (below)

B. Jean Baptiste Louis St. Marc Darby II

      b. 8 Jan 1783, ATT

      d. SUCC dtd 19 Jan 1835 SM #773

      m. 7 Feb 1804, NAT; Marie Elizabeth Aspasie de Blanc, b. 12 Mar 1788 NAT, d. 1 Sep 1836 SM, SUCC dtd 12 Jan 1837 SM #825; d/o Louis Charles de Blanc & Elizabeth Pouponne D’Erneville; sis/o Marie Josephe Constance de Blanc (below); Clair D’Hauterive Dubuclet was a witness to this wedding

     c. 3 children, incl:

1) Marie Francoise Elizabeth Celima St. Marc Darby

     b. 27 May 1808, SM, SWLAR

     bt. 7 Aug 1808, SM, NO SAC; s. Antoine Joseph Dubuclet & Marie Marthe Celeste

St. Marc Darby Dubuclet

     d. 23 Oct 1860/2 Oct 1861, ST CHAS

     m. 4 Jun 1825, SM; Eugene Fortier II, b. 1 Mar 1803, d. 9 Nov 1849 ST CHAS; s/o Eugene Fortier I & Catherine Hyacinthe Massicot; marriage witness was Jean Baptiste Dubuclet

C. Marie Marthe Louise Celeste St. Marc Darby

     b. 8 Jan/Feb 1785, SM, SWLAR

     d. 9 Feb 1871 SM/24 May 1874, NO, SWLAR, Will dtd 16 Jun 1845, SM; Records of

Attakapas District, LA, Vol. III, by Sanders, says there are 3 SUCC for Marie Celeste,

w/o Joseph Dubuclet: #695 dtd 6/1832 (file empty); #880 dtd 3/15/1839 (file

empty); #993 dtd 8/12/1841; her File contained only a document in French marked

as her last Will & Testament dtd 16 Jun 1845, signed “Dubuclet nee Darby” – another

Rec. says her SUCC is dtd 8 Apr 1871 NI #101

      m. 1809; Joseph Antoine Dauterive Dubuclet, b. 1782 (on tombstone), d. 9 Nov

1838 NI, bu. St. Peter’s Church, NI, SUCC dtd 13 Dec 1838 SM #876; s/o Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet (Chapter 3) & Marie Mathilde Bienvenu (Chapter 3-A)

     c. No children

D. Francois Bartholemy St. Marc Darby – built Darby House on Spanish Lake

      b. 21 Jul 1788, SM, SWLAR

      bu.  St. Bernard Cem., BB, SUCC dtd 1 Jan 1840 SM #922

      m. 21 Jul 1807, NAT or SM, SWLAR; Marie Josephe Constance de Blanc, b. 26 Oct 1791 NAT, d. 1 Dec 1864 NI, SUCC dtd 1866 SM #1920; d/o Louis Charles de Blanc & Elizabeth Pouponne D’Erneville; sis/o Marie Elizabeth Aspasie de Blanc (above)

      c. 4 children

1) Etienne Louis St. Mark Darby

     d. Young

2) Louis Francois St. Marc (called S.M.) Darby, bought his father’s plantation on

Spanish Lake in 1842

     b. 3 Jul 1809, SM, SWLAR

     d. 22 Mar 1876, NI

     m. 16 Jul 1833/35, St. Mary Parish, Ni or SM; Rosa Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair of SJ, b. 11 Jun 1819, d. 15 Mar 1905 NI; d/o Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair II & Felicite Armant; niece/o Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair, Louise Erasie Fuselier de St. Clair & Christina Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair (above & below)

     c. 2 known children:

a) Octave Darby

    d. 1919 NI (will dtd 24 Mar 1917 #2223 NI

b) Gabriel  Alexandre Darby

    d. 1937

3) Marie Lodiska St. Marc Darby

     d. SUCC dtd 17 Mar 1858 SM #1606

     m. 6 Mar 1828; Dr. Leonard James Smith of MD, d. 9 Feb 1869; s/o Francis J.

Smith & Jane E. Heard

4) Francois Optal (called F.O.) St. Marc Darby

     b. 4 Jun 1817, SM Ch Rec

     m. 18 Jul 1839, SM, SWLAR; Marie Julie Azema Beauvais, b. 14 Aug 1818 SM; d/o

Jean Baptiste Beauvais & Suzanne Ozenne; sis/o Marie Louise

Beauvais who m. Laurent Tertrou (Chapter 9-A)

E. Etienne Ursin Charles St. Marc Darby

     b. 10 Aug 1789, SM, SWLAR

     d. 2 Jan 1833, SM

     m. <1> 28 May 1811, SM, MCD dtd 27 May 1811, SMOA 26/112; Louise Erasie Fuselier de St. Clair, b. 1793, d. 17 Aug 1813 SM; d/o Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair I & Christina Berard; sis/o Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair (above) & Christina Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair (below) & aunt/o Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair (above)

     c. 2 children

1) Marie Louise Francoise St. Marc Darby

     b. 1812

2) Marie Marthe Celestine St. Marc Darby

     b. 12 Jul 1813; Joseph Dauterive Dubuclet was her Tutor in 1813 when her

mother died (Chapter 3)

     bt. 24 Apr 1814, SM; s. Agricole Fusilier & Marie Louise Celeste St. Marc Darby

Dubuclet

     d. 29 Mar 1893, LOR, SWLAR, bu. St. Peter’s Cem., NI

     m. 19 Mar 1828, SM; ATT m. Bk. #84; Antoine Bernard (Jean Baptiste) Dauterive, b. 28 Aug 1801 SM, d. 9 Aug 1867 NI; s/o Bernard Antoine Dauterive & Pauline Latil (Chapters 6 & 6-A); godson/o Clair Bernard D’Hauterive Dubuclet & gs/o Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive

     c. 4 children, one survived: Bernard Dubuclet Dauterive m. Marie Mathilde Le Beau (below & Chapter 6)

Ursin m. <2> 3 Nov 1817: Hyacinte Prevost; d/o Francois Prevost & Madeleine Borel

5. Ann Marie Josephe Darby – not in mother’s Will of 1805

     b. 9 Jul 1750, NO

     bt. 9 Aug 1750, NO, NO SAC; s. Jacques Bachemin, cadet in the naval reserve troops, & Anne Bachemin, spouse of Voisin

6. Nicholas Segre Darby – not in mother’s Will of 1805

     b. 25 Jan 1752, NO

     bt. 6 Mar 1752, NO; s. Nicolas Godfroy Barbin, current trustee, & Jeanne Ragut, (spouse of

Jeanne Marie de Bachemin Corbin)

     d. 12 Jan 1773, NO

7.  Louis Danican Darby

     b. 25 Aug 1755, NO

     bt. 31 Aug 1755, NO, NO SAC; s. Pierre Corbin, officer of the troops, & Marie Darby

     d. By 1811, there is an Inventory for Widow St. Marc Darby dtd 1811 SMOA 26/145

     m. 23 Sept/13 Nov 1781, NO, NO SAC; his cousin, Jeanne Marie Josephe de Salles, b. 7 Mar 1767; d/o Louis Pierre Beloir, Sieur de la Salle & Marie Raquet; ggd/o Jean Marie Corbin Bachemin & Anne Marie Judith le Hardy

8. Sara Darby – not in mother’s Will of 1805

     b. 17 Jul 1760

JEAN MARIE CORBIN BACHEMIN – concessionaire – acquired “10 by 40 arpents of land on the

Mississippi River, three leagues from NO, with a house and barn and a levee, three to four feet

wide, extending along seven arpents, and nine negroes, for 15,000 francs, plus a boat” in 1727.

Information from The Fortier Family, by Estelle Cochran & AG, Vol. X, #3, Fall 1975 & Vol. IV & VIII

  d. 20 Jan 1736, Inventory & SUCC dtd 23 Jan 1736

  m. Before 1716; Anne Marie Judith le Hardy of St. Malo, FR; d. by 1767 when son Francois married

  c. 8 children

1. Marie Corbin Bachemin

     b. 1716, native of Brittany, FR

     d. 12 Apr 1806, Will dtd 25 Apr 1805 in files of Narcisco Broutin, NO Notary

     m. MCD dtd 18 Feb 1737 NO, OFLA or 1738 in Darby, by Costello; Jonathan Darby II, d. by

1767; s/o Jonathan Darby I & Anne Segre

     c. 8 children (Darby Geneo)

2. Thomas Corbin Bachemin

d. SUCC before 1763; Jacob Corbin Bachemin appeared before the Royal Notary for his share

of Thomas Corbin Bachemin’s SUCC in LSM

3. Jeanne Marie Corbin Bachemin

     d. 5 Nov 1781

     m. 4 May 1728, NO SAC: Jean Baptiste Claude Raquet, Procurer of the King, d. 1762

     c. 2 children, incl:

A. Marie Raquet

     m. 1762; Louis Pierre Biloir, Sieur de la Salle

     c. 8 children, incl:

1) Jeanne Marie Josephe de Salles

     b. 7 Mar 1767

     bt. 15 Mar 1767

     m. 23 Sep 1781/13 Nov 1781; Louis Danican Darby; s/o Jonathan Darby II &

Marie Corbin Bachemin (above)

4. Noel Pierre Corbin La Touche Bachemin

5. Jean Francois Corbin Bachemin

     b. 1725

     d. 8 Nov 1775

     m. 28 Apr 1767, NO, MCD dtd 25 Apr 1767, NO, in files of G. Garic, NO Notary; Marie Modeste

Babin; d/o Nicholas Godefroy Babin & Helene Voisin; Modeste m. <2> Vincent Le Sassier

     c. 3 children, incl:

A. Marie Josephe Modeste Corbin Bachemin

     b. 1 Oct 1773 or 10 Apr 1774, NO

     bt. 16 May 1776, NO

     bu. 28 Sep 1858, Gretna, JEFF LA

     m. 19 Aug 1794, NO, NO SAC; Charles Louis Chauvin Delery Boisclair; b. 17 Nov 1772

NO, NO SAC; s/o Francois Chauvin Delery I (Chapter 5-B) & Marie Louise de la Chaise (Chapter 4-B); gs/o Joseph Chauvin Delery I & Francoise Laurence Le Blanc

     c. 5 children (Chapter 4-B)

6. Anne Corbin Bachemin

     d. 4 Apr 1739

     m. 28 Apr 1733, NO, NO SAC; Pierre Dreux, an officer of the militia

7. Francois Jacques (Jacob) Corbin Bachemin

     b. @1726, FR

     d. Will dtd 1832, translation in NO Genesis 12-327

     m. 25 Jan 1764, NO, MCD dtd 12 Jan 1764 in LSM Library, NO; Cecilia Francoise Jousset de la

Loire, b. @1735, bu. 26 Mar 1773 NO, NO SAC; d/o Claude Joseph Jousset de la Loire &

Marianne Le Blanc, the sis/o Francoise Laurence Le Blanc (Chapter 5-B)

     c. 2 children, incl:

A. Marie Azelie Bachemin

     b. 19 Jan 1801, PLAQ

     d. 7 Oct 1868, NO

     m. 10 Sep 1820; Esteban (Etienne) Bernard Degruy, b. 3 Oct 1795 NO, d. 3 Oct 1867

NO; s/o Antoine Dufouchard Degruy II & Henriette Layssard; nephew/o Jean

Baptiste Degruy, the 2nd h/o Elizabeth Montault de Monberaut (Chapter 5-A)

8. Pierre Claude Corbin Bachemin

     bt. 15 Feb 1729, NO, NO SAC

GABRIEL FUSELIER DE ST. CLAIR I – s/o Pierre Fuselier de St. Clair, Captain of Militia

Bourgeoise, Lyon, FR & Ludivine Chaufoureau; native of Lyon, Parish of St. Visier; came to America

in 1748/52; first Commandant of Poste des Attakapas after it became a military post (1760);

owned land around St. Martinville & about where Breaux Bridge is located; land purchased in

1760/65 from Rinemo, Chief of the Attakapas Indian Village, a tract stretching from the Bayou

Teche to the Bayou Vermilion; Gov. O’Reilly appointed him Civil & Military Commander for the

District of Opelousas in 1769; served until July 1774

  b. 22/27 Aug 1722, St. Nizier, Lyon, FR

  d. 12 Oct 1789, Bordeaux, FR, Will dtd 5 Aug 1788, SUCC dtd 15 Feb 1790 in Office of the Clerk of

the Court, E. BR Parish

  m. <1> 2 Mar 1764, NO, MCD at LSM Library, NO; Jeanne Roman, b. 1743, d. 27 Feb 1770; d/o

Jacques Roman & Marie Josephe D’Aigle

  m. MCD signed 24 Feb 1700 with Anne Harange (LHQ, Vol. 6) but there is no proof that a church

ceremony ever took place

  m. <2> 30 Apr 1771, SM Ch Rec & SMOA 4/44; Helene Elizabeth Soileau, b. @1754, d. 16 Feb 1816 OPEL, native of Natchez; d/o Noel Soileau, Royal Quartermaster at Natchez, & Marie Josephe Richeaume

  c. 3 possible children from first marriage, incl: Ludevine; &

<1>1. Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair – also Commandant of Poste des Attakapas – owned about

8,040 arpents between Bayou Teche & Vermillion River near Arnaudville; left an estate of

nearly $500,000 in St. Mary Parish alone

     b. 1765

     d. 20 Jun 1837, SM/26 Sep 1837, Pariosse St. Marie, FR from Gabriel Fusilier de la Clair, by

Philastre

     m. 20 Jun 1786, SM, SM Ch Rec; MCD dtd 17 Jun 1786, SMOA 4½/8; Christina Berard of

Grenoble, FR, b. @1766, d. 17 Jul 1842, Estate files Franklin CH #359 & 414; d/o Jean

Baptiste Berard & Anne Broussard; Josef Valliere D’Hauterive was witness

     c. 12 children (from St. Mary Parish CH Estate files #359 & 414) incl: Euphemie m. Charles

Grevemberg; Marguerite Francoise Uranie m. Dr. Alexandre Ferry; Ludivine Euphemie m.

Alexandre Grevemberg; Gabriel III m. Marie Elizabeth Ephigenie Frere; Anne; Louise Amelia m.

Jean Seraphine Armant; Charlotte Fanelie Fuselier de St. Clair m. Jean Henri L’Eudget

Lastrapes; &

A. Benoit Fuselier de St. Clair

     m. Louise St. Marc Darby, b. 1781, d. by 1805; d/o Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I &

Francoise Pellerin; sis/o Etienne Ursin St. Marc Darby & Celeste St. Marc Darby (above) who m. Joseph Dauterive Dubuclet (Chapter 3)

B. Marie Aspasie Fuselier de St. Clair I

     b. 9 Oct 1791, SM – on tombstone

     d. 2 Nov 1812, SM, bu. SM Cem., SM, SUCC dtd Jan 1813 #126 SM

     m. 3 Apr 1809, SM, SM Ch Rec; Chevalier Etienne de Clouet, b. 1 Apr 1784/87 SM,

d. 23 Oct 1811 OPEL, bu. SM Cem., SM, SUCC dtd Jan 1813 SM #126; s/o Joseph

Alexandre de Clouet II & Catherine Charlotte Layssard

     c. 2 children, incl:

1) Alexandre Etienne de Clouet

     b. 7/9 Jun 1812, SM; adopted by his aunt & future mother-in-law, Mrs. Francois

Benoit de St. Clair (Marie Francoise Arthemise de Clouet)

     d. 26 Jun 1890, LAF

     m.  29 Apr 1836; his cousin, Marie Louise Benoit de St. Clair, b. 17 Dec 1817, d.

18 Jan 1891; d/o Francois Benoit de St. Clair & Marie Francoise Arthemise de Clouet

C. Louise Erasie Fuselier de St. Clair

     b. 1793

     bt. 5 Jul 1795, SM, SM Ch Rec

     d. 18 Aug 1813, SM, bu. SM Cem., SM, SUCC dtd 7 Sep 1813 SM #140

     m. 28 May 1811, SM, MCD dtd 27 May 1811, SMOA 26/112; Etienne Ursin Charles St.

Marc Darby, b. 10 Aug 1789 SM, d. 2 Jan 1833 SM; s/o Jean Baptiste St. Marc Darby I

& Francoise Pellerin; bro/o Louise St. Marc Darby & Celeste St. Marc Darby who m.

Joseph Dauterive Dubuclet (Chapter 3); Ursin may have m. <2> 3 Nov 1817

Hyacinte Prevost

     c. 2 children, incl: Marie Marthe Celestine St. Marc Darby m. Antoine Bernard (Jean Baptiste) Dauterive

D. Joseph Agricole Fuselier de St. Clair II

     b. 11 Jul 1799, SM

     bt.  1 Sep 1799 SM; s. Achille Berard & Claire Ozenne

     d. 3 Nov 1839, SM, SUCC dtd 22 Jan 1842 SM #945 & Franklin #414

     m. <1> 19 Aug 1818, SJ, BR SAC; Anne Felicite Armant, b. 8 Feb 1805 SJ, d. 3 Aug

1823; d/o Jean Baptiste Armant & Rose Carmelite Cantrell; sis/o Jean Seraphine

Armant (below)

     c. 5 children, incl:

1) Rosa Carmelite Coralie Fuselier de St. Clair

     b. 1819

     m. 16 Jul 1833, St. Mary Parish, NI; Louis Francois St. Marc (S.M.) Darby, b. 3 Jul

1809 SM, d. 22 Mar 1876 NI; s/o Francois Bartholemy St. Marc Darby & Marie

Josephe Constance de Blanc (above)

    m. <2> 2/24 Mar 1825, St. Mary Parish, SWLAR; Louise Alexandrine Dumartrait, b. 1810,

d. 29 Sep 1864; d/o Adrien Lambert Dumartrait & Louise Pouponne Grevemberg

E. Christina Sylvania Fuselier de St. Clair

     b. 17 Oct 1810

     m. 7 Oct 1830, SM, ESD; Francois Bartholemy Le Beau, b. 22 Jun 1806, bt. 4 Oct 1806

SJ, NO SAC, d. 1854; s/o Juste Augustin Roche Le Beau of Redon in Brittany FR &

Marie Modeste Charbonnet of NO; owner of Le Beau Plantation in ST BER

      c. 8 children, incl:

1) Marie Mathilda Le Beau

     b. 1841

     d. 1924, NI, bu. St. Peter’s Cem., NI (dates on burial Rec)

     m. By 1858; Bernard Dubuclet Dauterive, b. 4 Sep 1833 SM, d. 19 Sep 1897

LOR; s/o Antoine Bernard (J.B.) Dauterive (Chapter 6) & Celestine St. Marc Darby; ggs/o Jean Antoine Bernard D’Hauterive

     c. 8 children (Chapter 6)

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